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Letter recognition of Germans and Chinese - similarities in attention allocation and differences in encoding
Lass, U; Yang, YF; Fang, YQ; Yan, S; Sun, P; Chen, GP; Becker, D; Luer, G
2003
Source PublicationZEITSCHRIFT FUR PSYCHOLOGIE
ISSN0044-3409
SubtypeArticle
Volume211Issue:1Pages:26-37
AbstractGermans and Chinese participated in letter recognition experiments based on the Sperling paradigm. They were instructed to report as many items as possible from a briefly exposed two-row matrix of letters from the Latin alphabet. In Experiment 1, the Germans performed better than the Chinese. In addition, a position effect was found in that participants correctly reported more letters from the first row than from the second row. In Experiment 2, the position effect was replicated even though the response mode prompted participants to report items from the bottom row first. In Experiment 3, the instruction as to how to allocate attention influenced the position effect. The performance lead of the Germans, as compared to the Chinese, was independent of these instructions. It is hypothesized that reading habits have influenced the allocation of attention and that language-specific encoding of the letters caused the differences in performance.; Germans and Chinese participated in letter recognition experiments based on the Sperling paradigm. They were instructed to report as many items as possible from a briefly exposed two-row matrix of letters from the Latin alphabet. In Experiment 1, the Germans performed better than the Chinese. In addition, a position effect was found in that participants correctly reported more letters from the first row than from the second row. In Experiment 2, the position effect was replicated even though the response mode prompted participants to report items from the bottom row first. In Experiment 3, the instruction as to how to allocate attention influenced the position effect. The performance lead of the Germans, as compared to the Chinese, was independent of these instructions. It is hypothesized that reading habits have influenced the allocation of attention and that language-specific encoding of the letters caused the differences in performance.
Keywordattention letter recognition object encoding visual sensory memory
Subject Area认知心理学
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000182620500004
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5527
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Affiliation1.Univ Gottingen, Georg Elias Muller Inst Psychol, D-37073 Gottingen, Germany
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.E China Normal Univ, Dept Psychol, Shanghai, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lass, U,Yang, YF,Fang, YQ,et al. Letter recognition of Germans and Chinese - similarities in attention allocation and differences in encoding[J]. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PSYCHOLOGIE,2003,211(1):26-37.
APA Lass, U.,Yang, YF.,Fang, YQ.,Yan, S.,Sun, P.,...&Luer, G.(2003).Letter recognition of Germans and Chinese - similarities in attention allocation and differences in encoding.ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PSYCHOLOGIE,211(1),26-37.
MLA Lass, U,et al."Letter recognition of Germans and Chinese - similarities in attention allocation and differences in encoding".ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PSYCHOLOGIE 211.1(2003):26-37.
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