Letter recognition of Germans and Chinese - similarities in attention allocation and differences in encoding
Lass, U; Yang, YF; Fang, YQ; Yan, S; Sun, P; Chen, GP; Becker, D; Luer, G
2003
发表期刊ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PSYCHOLOGIE
ISSN0044-3409
文章类型Article
卷号211期号:1页码:26-37
摘要Germans and Chinese participated in letter recognition experiments based on the Sperling paradigm. They were instructed to report as many items as possible from a briefly exposed two-row matrix of letters from the Latin alphabet. In Experiment 1, the Germans performed better than the Chinese. In addition, a position effect was found in that participants correctly reported more letters from the first row than from the second row. In Experiment 2, the position effect was replicated even though the response mode prompted participants to report items from the bottom row first. In Experiment 3, the instruction as to how to allocate attention influenced the position effect. The performance lead of the Germans, as compared to the Chinese, was independent of these instructions. It is hypothesized that reading habits have influenced the allocation of attention and that language-specific encoding of the letters caused the differences in performance.; Germans and Chinese participated in letter recognition experiments based on the Sperling paradigm. They were instructed to report as many items as possible from a briefly exposed two-row matrix of letters from the Latin alphabet. In Experiment 1, the Germans performed better than the Chinese. In addition, a position effect was found in that participants correctly reported more letters from the first row than from the second row. In Experiment 2, the position effect was replicated even though the response mode prompted participants to report items from the bottom row first. In Experiment 3, the instruction as to how to allocate attention influenced the position effect. The performance lead of the Germans, as compared to the Chinese, was independent of these instructions. It is hypothesized that reading habits have influenced the allocation of attention and that language-specific encoding of the letters caused the differences in performance.
关键词attention letter recognition object encoding visual sensory memory
学科领域认知心理学
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000182620500004
引用统计
被引频次:3[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5527
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
作者单位1.Univ Gottingen, Georg Elias Muller Inst Psychol, D-37073 Gottingen, Germany
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.E China Normal Univ, Dept Psychol, Shanghai, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Lass, U,Yang, YF,Fang, YQ,et al. Letter recognition of Germans and Chinese - similarities in attention allocation and differences in encoding[J]. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PSYCHOLOGIE,2003,211(1):26-37.
APA Lass, U.,Yang, YF.,Fang, YQ.,Yan, S.,Sun, P.,...&Luer, G.(2003).Letter recognition of Germans and Chinese - similarities in attention allocation and differences in encoding.ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PSYCHOLOGIE,211(1),26-37.
MLA Lass, U,et al."Letter recognition of Germans and Chinese - similarities in attention allocation and differences in encoding".ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PSYCHOLOGIE 211.1(2003):26-37.
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