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Prospective memory in schizophrenia: Further clarification of nature of impairment
Wang, Ya2,3; Chan, Raymond C. K.1,2,4; Hong, Xiaohong5; Ma, Zheng6; Yang, Tianxiao2; Guo, Lan3; Yu, Xin7; Li, Zhanjiang6; Yuan, Yanbo7; Gong, Qi-yong8; Shum, David9; R. C. K. Chan
2008-10-01
Source PublicationSCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH
ISSN0920-9964
SubtypeArticle
Volume105Issue:1-3Pages:114-124
AbstractProspective memory (PM) refers to the ability to execute a delayed intention and is different from retrospective memory (RM) in its nature and underlying mechanism (e.g., intention formation, maintenance, detection of PM cue and intention execution). Although preliminary studies have found PM impairment in patients with schizophrenia, the nature and magnitude of this problem in this clinical group is not yet fully known. The current study aimed to further clarify the nature of this impariment in schizophrenia. Fifty-four patients with schizophrenia and fifty-four healthy volunteers matched on demographic variables, IQ and executive functions took part in the study. Time-, event-, and activity-based PM tasks and a set of neurocognitive tests were administered to the participants. Results showed that patients with schizophrenia performed significantly worse on all sub-types of PM tasks, even after controlling for neurocognitive functions such as working memory, verbal memory, visual memory, and executive function. These findings suggest PM deficit is a primary deficit rather than a secondary consequence of neurocognitive impairments in schizophrenia. Analysis found that PM deficits may be mainly due to the impairment of the cue detection and intention retrieval stage.; Prospective memory (PM) refers to the ability to execute a delayed intention and is different from retrospective memory (RM) in its nature and underlying mechanism (e.g., intention formation, maintenance, detection of PM cue and intention execution). Although preliminary studies have found PM impairment in patients with schizophrenia, the nature and magnitude of this problem in this clinical group is not yet fully known. The current study aimed to further clarify the nature of this impariment in schizophrenia. Fifty-four patients with schizophrenia and fifty-four healthy volunteers matched on demographic variables, IQ and executive functions took part in the study. Time-, event-, and activity-based PM tasks and a set of neurocognitive tests were administered to the participants. Results showed that patients with schizophrenia performed significantly worse on all sub-types of PM tasks, even after controlling for neurocognitive functions such as working memory, verbal memory, visual memory, and executive function. These findings suggest PM deficit is a primary deficit rather than a secondary consequence of neurocognitive impairments in schizophrenia. Analysis found that PM deficits may be mainly due to the impairment of the cue detection and intention retrieval stage. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordSchizophrenia Prospective memory Neurocognitive function Cue detection
Subject Area精神病学
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000260591900013
Citation statistics
Cited Times:36[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5637
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding AuthorR. C. K. Chan
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Dept Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China
3.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sch Life Sci, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
5.Shantou Univ, Mental Hlth Ctr, Shantou, Peoples R China
6.Beijing Anding Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China
7.Peking Univ, Inst Mental Hlth, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
8.Sichuan Univ, W China Hosp, W China Sch Med, Dept Radiol,Huaxi MR Res Ctr, Chengdu 610064, Peoples R China
9.Griffith Univ, Griffith Inst Hlth & Med Res, Brisbane, Qld 4111, Australia
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Ya,Chan, Raymond C. K.,Hong, Xiaohong,et al. Prospective memory in schizophrenia: Further clarification of nature of impairment[J]. SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH,2008,105(1-3):114-124.
APA Wang, Ya.,Chan, Raymond C. K..,Hong, Xiaohong.,Ma, Zheng.,Yang, Tianxiao.,...&R. C. K. Chan.(2008).Prospective memory in schizophrenia: Further clarification of nature of impairment.SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH,105(1-3),114-124.
MLA Wang, Ya,et al."Prospective memory in schizophrenia: Further clarification of nature of impairment".SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH 105.1-3(2008):114-124.
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