Psychological Typhoon Eye in the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake
Li, Shu; Rao, Li-Lin; Ren, Xiao-Peng; Bai, Xin-Wen; Zheng, Rui; Li, Jin-Zhen; Wang, Zuo-Jun; Liu, Huan; X. P. Ren; X. W. Bai; R. Zheng
2009-03-23
发表期刊PLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
文章类型Article
卷号4期号:3页码:001-006
摘要Background: On May 12, 2008, an earthquake measuring 8.0 on the Richter scale jolted Wenchuan, China, leading to 69,227 deaths and 374,643 injured, with 17,923 listed as missing as of Sept. 25, 2008, and shook the whole nation. We assessed the devastating effects on people's post-earthquake concern about safety and health. Methodology/Principal Findings: From June 4 to July 15, 2008, we surveyed a convenience sample of 2,262 adults on their post-earthquake concern about safety and health. Residents in non-devastated areas (Fujian and Hunan Provinces, and Beijing) and devastated areas (Sichuan and Gansu Provinces) responded to a questionnaire of 5 questions regarding safety measures, epidemic disease, medical workers, psychological workers, and medication. The ANOVAs showed a significant effect of residential devastation level on the estimated number of safety measures needed, the estimated probability of the outbreak of an epidemic, and the estimated number of medical and psychological workers needed (Ps<0.001). The post-earthquake concern decreased significantly as the level of residential devastation increased. Because of the similarity with the meteorological phenomenon of the eye of a typhoon, we dubbed these findings a "Psychological Typhoon Eye'': the closer to the center of the devastated areas, the less the concern about safety and health a resident felt. Conclusions/Significance: Contrary to common perception and ripple effect that the impact of an unfortunate event decays gradually as ripples spread outward from a center, a "Psychological Typhoon Eye'' effect was observed where the post-earthquake concern was at its lowest level in the extremely devastated areas. The resultant findings may have implications for Chinese governmental strategies for putting "psychological comfort'' into effect.; Background: On May 12, 2008, an earthquake measuring 8.0 on the Richter scale jolted Wenchuan, China, leading to 69,227 deaths and 374,643 injured, with 17,923 listed as missing as of Sept. 25, 2008, and shook the whole nation. We assessed the devastating effects on people's post-earthquake concern about safety and health.
关键词perception risk
学科领域社会心理学
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000265498800012
引用统计
被引频次:19[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5645
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者X. P. Ren; X. W. Bai; R. Zheng
作者单位Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Li, Shu,Rao, Li-Lin,Ren, Xiao-Peng,et al. Psychological Typhoon Eye in the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake[J]. PLOS ONE,2009,4(3):001-006.
APA Li, Shu.,Rao, Li-Lin.,Ren, Xiao-Peng.,Bai, Xin-Wen.,Zheng, Rui.,...&R. Zheng.(2009).Psychological Typhoon Eye in the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake.PLOS ONE,4(3),001-006.
MLA Li, Shu,et al."Psychological Typhoon Eye in the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake".PLOS ONE 4.3(2009):001-006.
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