Recognition of briefly exposed digits, Latin letters, and Chinese characters: Evidence for language-specific differences in encoding and rehearsal
Lass, U; Yan, S; Yang, YF; Chen, GP; Sun, P; Becker, D; Fa, YQ; Luer, G
2006
发表期刊ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PSYCHOLOGIE
ISSN0044-3409
文章类型Article
卷号214期号:1页码:24-36
摘要German and Chinese students took part in four experiments. In Experiment 1, which was based on the Sperling paradigm, the participants were asked to report as many digits as possible from a briefly presented matrix. In contrast to previous experiments which had made use of Latin letters, the Chinese clearly outperformed the Germans this time. In Experiment 2, memory span for digits and Latin letters was measured. With Latin letters, the Germans achieved higher scores than the Chinese. The opposite was true for digit memory span. Taken together, the results indicate that performance in the Sperling task is not solely determined by encoding efficiency but also by rehearsal speed. In Experiment 3, the participants had to recognize only one item from briefly exposed stimulus displays. Besides Latin letters, language-specific stimuli were used consisting of combinations of letters for Germans and components of Chinese characters for Chinese. Based on the data from Experiment 3, two language-specific item sets comperable in terms of task difficulty, were chosen for use in the Sperling task in Experiment 4. Under these conditions, there was no significant difference in the overall level of performance between the two language groups. Performance was influenced, however, by the position of the items to be reported and this in a slightly different way in each language group. We discuss to what extent reading habits influenced the allocation of attention and adaptive processes caused differences in item recognition.; German and Chinese students took part in four experiments. In Experiment 1, which was based on the Sperling paradigm, the participants were asked to report as many digits as possible from a briefly presented matrix. In contrast to previous experiments which had made use of Latin letters, the Chinese clearly outperformed the Germans this time. In Experiment 2, memory span for digits and Latin letters was measured. With Latin letters, the Germans achieved higher scores than the Chinese. The opposite was true for digit memory span. Taken together, the results indicate that performance in the Sperling task is not solely determined by encoding efficiency but also by rehearsal speed. In Experiment 3, the participants had to recognize only one item from briefly exposed stimulus displays. Besides Latin letters, language-specific stimuli were used consisting of combinations of letters for Germans and components of Chinese characters for Chinese. Based on the data from Experiment 3, two language-specific item sets comperable in terms of task difficulty, were chosen for use in the Sperling task in Experiment 4. Under these conditions, there was no significant difference in the overall level of performance between the two language groups. Performance was influenced, however, by the position of the items to be reported and this in a slightly different way in each language group. We discuss to what extent reading habits influenced the allocation of attention and adaptive processes caused differences in item recognition.
关键词language effects on cognition letter recognition memory span object encoding partial report technique
学科领域心理语言学
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000235237100003
引用统计
被引频次:2[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5657
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
作者单位1.Univ Gottingen, Georg Elias Muller Inst Psychol, D-37073 Gottingen, Germany
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.E China Normal Univ, Dept Psychol, Shanghai 200062, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Lass, U,Yan, S,Yang, YF,et al. Recognition of briefly exposed digits, Latin letters, and Chinese characters: Evidence for language-specific differences in encoding and rehearsal[J]. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PSYCHOLOGIE,2006,214(1):24-36.
APA Lass, U.,Yan, S.,Yang, YF.,Chen, GP.,Sun, P.,...&Luer, G.(2006).Recognition of briefly exposed digits, Latin letters, and Chinese characters: Evidence for language-specific differences in encoding and rehearsal.ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PSYCHOLOGIE,214(1),24-36.
MLA Lass, U,et al."Recognition of briefly exposed digits, Latin letters, and Chinese characters: Evidence for language-specific differences in encoding and rehearsal".ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PSYCHOLOGIE 214.1(2006):24-36.
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