Semantic illusion depends on information structure: ERP evidence
Wang, Lin1,2; Hagoort, Peter2; Yang, Yufang1; L. Wang
2009-07-28
发表期刊BRAIN RESEARCH
ISSN0006-8993
文章类型Article
卷号1282页码:50-56
摘要Next to propositional content, speakers distribute information in their utterances in such a way that listeners can make a distinction between new (focused) and given (non-focused) information. This is referred to as information structure. We measured event-related potentials (ERPs) to explore the role of information structure in semantic processing. Following different questions in wh-question-answer pairs (e.g. What kind of vegetable did Ming buy for cooking today?/Who bought the vegetables for cooking today?), the answer sentences (e.g., Ming bought eggplant/beef to cook today) contained a critical word, which was either semantically appropriate (eggplant) or inappropriate (beef) and either focus or non-focus. The results showed a full N400 effect only when the critical words were in focus position. In non-focus position a strongly reduced N400 effect was observed, in line with the well-known semantic illusion effect. The results suggest that information structure facilitates semantic processing by devoting more resources to focused information.; Next to propositional content, speakers distribute information in their utterances in such a way that listeners can make a distinction between new (focused) and given (non-focused) information. This is referred to as information structure. We measured event-related potentials (ERPs) to explore the role of information structure in semantic processing. Following different questions in wh-question-answer pairs (e.g. What kind of vegetable did Ming buy for cooking today?/Who bought the vegetables for cooking today?), the answer sentences (e.g., Ming bought eggplant/beef to cook today) contained a critical word, which was either semantically appropriate (eggplant) or inappropriate (beef) and either focus or non-focus. The results showed a full N400 effect only when the critical words were in focus position. In non-focus position a strongly reduced N400 effect was observed, in line with the well-known semantic illusion effect. The results suggest that information structure facilitates semantic processing by devoting more resources to focused information. (C) 2009 Published by Elsevier B.V.
关键词Information structure Wh-question-answer pair Semantic integration Semantic illusion N400 effect
学科领域认知心理学 ; 认知神经科学
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000268530400006
引用统计
被引频次:32[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5679
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者L. Wang
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Donders Inst Brain Cognit & Behav, Nijmegen, Netherlands
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Wang, Lin,Hagoort, Peter,Yang, Yufang,et al. Semantic illusion depends on information structure: ERP evidence[J]. BRAIN RESEARCH,2009,1282:50-56.
APA Wang, Lin,Hagoort, Peter,Yang, Yufang,&L. Wang.(2009).Semantic illusion depends on information structure: ERP evidence.BRAIN RESEARCH,1282,50-56.
MLA Wang, Lin,et al."Semantic illusion depends on information structure: ERP evidence".BRAIN RESEARCH 1282(2009):50-56.
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