Surface dyslexia in Chinese
Weekes, B; Chen, HQ; B. Weekes
1999
发表期刊NEUROCASE
ISSN1355-4794
文章类型Article
卷号5期号:2页码:161-172
摘要We report the oral reading performance of a Chinese anomic patient LJG, whose reduced confrontation naming was accompanied by impaired written word and spoken word comprehension. LJG's oral reading is significantly better than his comprehension of the same lexical items from written word and from spoken word input, although his oral reading is not flawless. We examined the effects of character regularity, frequency and concreteness on LJG's oral reading of single-character monosyllabic Chinese words. LJG displayed impairment when reading aloud irregular Chinese characters that have an unpredictable correspondence between their components and the pronunciation of the character as a whole. This deficit was particularly severe for irregular, low-frequency, abstract items. In addition, LJG produced a number of oral reading errors in which characters were assigned pronunciations appropriate to a character component rather than the character itself. We characterize LJG's oral reading as surface dyslexia. We argue that the oral reading of irregular Chinese characters is more prone to error than oral reading of regular Chinese characters following brain damage because of response competition at the level of phonological output.; We report the oral reading performance of a Chinese anomic patient LJG, whose reduced confrontation naming was accompanied by impaired written word and spoken word comprehension. LJG's oral reading is significantly better than his comprehension of the same lexical items from written word and from spoken word input, although his oral reading is not flawless. We examined the effects of character regularity, frequency and concreteness on LJG's oral reading of single-character monosyllabic Chinese words. LJG displayed impairment when reading aloud irregular Chinese characters that have an unpredictable correspondence between their components and the pronunciation of the character as a whole. This deficit was particularly severe for irregular, low-frequency, abstract items. In addition, LJG produced a number of oral reading errors in which characters were assigned pronunciations appropriate to a character component rather than the character itself. We characterize LJG's oral reading as surface dyslexia. We argue that the oral reading of irregular Chinese characters is more prone to error than oral reading of regular Chinese characters following brain damage because of response competition at the level of phonological output.
学科领域心理语言学
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000079902800007
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5709
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者B. Weekes
作者单位1.Univ Kent, Canterbury CT2 7NZ, Kent, England
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
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Weekes, B,Chen, HQ,B. Weekes. Surface dyslexia in Chinese[J]. NEUROCASE,1999,5(2):161-172.
APA Weekes, B,Chen, HQ,&B. Weekes.(1999).Surface dyslexia in Chinese.NEUROCASE,5(2),161-172.
MLA Weekes, B,et al."Surface dyslexia in Chinese".NEUROCASE 5.2(1999):161-172.
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