Time perception deficit in children with ADHD
Yang, Binrang; Chan, Raymond C. K.; Zou, Xiaobing; Jing, Jin; Mai, Jianning; Li, Jing; R. C. K. Chan
2007-09-19
发表期刊BRAIN RESEARCH
ISSN0006-8993
文章类型Article
卷号1170页码:90-96
摘要Time perception deficit has been demonstrated in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by using time production and time reproduction tasks. The impact of motor demand, however, has not yet been fully examined. The current study, which is reported herein, aimed to investigate the pure time perception of Chinese children with ADHD by using a duration discrimination task. A battery of tests that were specifically designed to measure time perception and other related abilities, such as inhibition, attention, and working memory, was administered to 40 children with ADHD and to 40 demographically matched healthy children. A repeated measure MANOVA indicated that children with ADHD showed significantly higher discrimination thresholds than did healthy controls, and there was an interaction effect between group and duration. Pairwise comparison indicated that children with ADHD were less accurate in discriminating duration at either target duration. Working memory (Corsi blocks task) was related to the discrimination threshold at a duration of 800 ms after controlling for full-scale IQ (FIQ) in the ADHD group, but this did not survive the Bonferroni correction. The results indicated that children with ADHD may have perceptual deficits in time discrimination. They needed a greater difference between the comparison and target intervals to discriminate the short, median, and long durations reliably. This study provides further support for the existence of a generic time perception deficit, which is probably due to the involvement of a dysfunctional fronto-striato-cerebellar network in this capacity, especially the presence of deficits in basic internal timing mechanisms.; Time perception deficit has been demonstrated in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by using time production and time reproduction tasks. The impact of motor demand, however, has not yet been fully examined. The current study, which is reported herein, aimed to investigate the pure time perception of Chinese children with ADHD by using a duration discrimination task. A battery of tests that were specifically designed to measure time perception and other related abilities, such as inhibition, attention, and working memory, was administered to 40 children with ADHD and to 40 demographically matched healthy children. A repeated measure MANOVA indicated that children with ADHD showed significantly higher discrimination thresholds than did healthy controls, and there was an interaction effect between group and duration. Pairwise comparison indicated that children with ADHD were less accurate in discriminating duration at either target duration. Working memory (Corsi blocks task) was related to the discrimination threshold at a duration of 800 ms after controlling for full-scale IQ (FIQ) in the ADHD group, but this did not survive the Bonferroni correction. The results indicated that children with ADHD may have perceptual deficits in time discrimination. They needed a greater difference between the comparison and target intervals to discriminate the short, median, and long durations reliably. This study provides further support for the existence of a generic time perception deficit, which is probably due to the involvement of a dysfunctional fronto-striato-cerebellar network in this capacity, especially the presence of deficits in basic internal timing mechanisms. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
关键词ADHD time perception duration discrimination
学科领域神经心理学
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000250126800010
引用统计
被引频次:22[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5819
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者R. C. K. Chan
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Dept Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Guangzhou, Peoples R China
3.Shenzhen Childrens Hosp, Shenzhen, Peoples R China
4.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Affiliated Hosp 3, Child Dev Behav Ctr, Guangzhou, Peoples R China
5.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Guangzhou, Peoples R China
6.Guangzhou Childrens Hosp, Guangzhou, Peoples R China
7.Maternal & Child Hlth Hosp, Zhuhai, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Yang, Binrang,Chan, Raymond C. K.,Zou, Xiaobing,et al. Time perception deficit in children with ADHD[J]. BRAIN RESEARCH,2007,1170:90-96.
APA Yang, Binrang.,Chan, Raymond C. K..,Zou, Xiaobing.,Jing, Jin.,Mai, Jianning.,...&R. C. K. Chan.(2007).Time perception deficit in children with ADHD.BRAIN RESEARCH,1170,90-96.
MLA Yang, Binrang,et al."Time perception deficit in children with ADHD".BRAIN RESEARCH 1170(2007):90-96.
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