When days are numbered: Calendar structure and the development of calendar processing in English and Chinese
Kelly, MK; Miller, KF; Fang, G; Feng, G; K. F. Miller
1999-08-01
发表期刊JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0022-0965
文章类型Article
卷号73期号:4页码:289-314
摘要Unlike English, Chinese uses a numerical system for naming months and days. This study explored whether this difference in naming affects the development of simple calendar calculation. Eight- and 10-year-old children as well as undergraduates in China and the United States were asked to name the day or month that comes a specified rime before or after a given day or month. In each age group Chinese speakers primarily used calculation based on calendar names to solve these tasks, while English speakers primarily resorted to reciting the names. The magnitude of these differences was substantial; on difficult tasks Chinese fourth graders performed at speeds comparable to those of English speaking adults. Implications for models of how linguistic structure affects cognition are discussed.; Unlike English, Chinese uses a numerical system for naming months and days. This study explored whether this difference in naming affects the development of simple calendar calculation. Eight- and 10-year-old children as well as undergraduates in China and the United States were asked to name the day or month that comes a specified rime before or after a given day or month. In each age group Chinese speakers primarily used calculation based on calendar names to solve these tasks, while English speakers primarily resorted to reciting the names. The magnitude of these differences was substantial; on difficult tasks Chinese fourth graders performed at speeds comparable to those of English speaking adults. Implications for models of how linguistic structure affects cognition are discussed. (C) 1999 Academic Press.
关键词symbolic development cross-cultural research language and cognition calendar processing
学科领域文化心理学
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000081506400003
引用统计
被引频次:12[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5835
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者K. F. Miller
作者单位1.Univ Illinois, Dept Psychol, Champaign, IL 61820 USA
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 61820, Peoples R China
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Kelly, MK,Miller, KF,Fang, G,et al. When days are numbered: Calendar structure and the development of calendar processing in English and Chinese[J]. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY,1999,73(4):289-314.
APA Kelly, MK,Miller, KF,Fang, G,Feng, G,&K. F. Miller.(1999).When days are numbered: Calendar structure and the development of calendar processing in English and Chinese.JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY,73(4),289-314.
MLA Kelly, MK,et al."When days are numbered: Calendar structure and the development of calendar processing in English and Chinese".JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY 73.4(1999):289-314.
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