PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
When days are numbered: Calendar structure and the development of calendar processing in English and Chinese
Kelly, MK; Miller, KF; Fang, G; Feng, G; K. F. Miller
1999-08-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0022-0965
SubtypeArticle
Volume73Issue:4Pages:289-314
AbstractUnlike English, Chinese uses a numerical system for naming months and days. This study explored whether this difference in naming affects the development of simple calendar calculation. Eight- and 10-year-old children as well as undergraduates in China and the United States were asked to name the day or month that comes a specified rime before or after a given day or month. In each age group Chinese speakers primarily used calculation based on calendar names to solve these tasks, while English speakers primarily resorted to reciting the names. The magnitude of these differences was substantial; on difficult tasks Chinese fourth graders performed at speeds comparable to those of English speaking adults. Implications for models of how linguistic structure affects cognition are discussed.; Unlike English, Chinese uses a numerical system for naming months and days. This study explored whether this difference in naming affects the development of simple calendar calculation. Eight- and 10-year-old children as well as undergraduates in China and the United States were asked to name the day or month that comes a specified rime before or after a given day or month. In each age group Chinese speakers primarily used calculation based on calendar names to solve these tasks, while English speakers primarily resorted to reciting the names. The magnitude of these differences was substantial; on difficult tasks Chinese fourth graders performed at speeds comparable to those of English speaking adults. Implications for models of how linguistic structure affects cognition are discussed. (C) 1999 Academic Press.
Keywordsymbolic development cross-cultural research language and cognition calendar processing
Subject Area文化心理学
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000081506400003
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5835
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding AuthorK. F. Miller
Affiliation1.Univ Illinois, Dept Psychol, Champaign, IL 61820 USA
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 61820, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Kelly, MK,Miller, KF,Fang, G,et al. When days are numbered: Calendar structure and the development of calendar processing in English and Chinese[J]. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY,1999,73(4):289-314.
APA Kelly, MK,Miller, KF,Fang, G,Feng, G,&K. F. Miller.(1999).When days are numbered: Calendar structure and the development of calendar processing in English and Chinese.JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY,73(4),289-314.
MLA Kelly, MK,et al."When days are numbered: Calendar structure and the development of calendar processing in English and Chinese".JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY 73.4(1999):289-314.
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