The specific effects of face recognition were examined by recording ERPs. Stimuli (human, dog, handset faces) are presented in a “learning-test” paradigm. The results showed that the diversities of the early VPP and N170 were obvious, and their amplitudes evoked by human faces were the biggest, handsets the smallest. The diversity of the LPC was significant mainly in frontal-central scalp, the different waves formed by the new and old handsets were the biggest and the dogs were the smallest. These suggest the VPP and N170 represent face structure encoding and prove electrophysiologically the human face perception and recognition is special.