PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
“避害”还是“趋害”
苏寅; 毕研玲; 李纾; 饶俪琳
2010
Source Publication心理科学
ISSN1000-6648
Volume33Issue:2Pages:506-508
Abstract趋利避害是生物体最基本的特征之一,人类的某些"趋害"行为质疑了这一本能说。研究发现,对经历的回顾性评价是由经历中具有特殊性质的片断通过加权平均所决定。研究从探索起决定性作用的片断展开,涉及的领域逐渐扩大。该文着重介绍了峰值-结尾规则及持续时间忽略等发现,并指出减少实验误差,拓宽应用领域,扩展对有利刺激序列的研究是该领域未来主要的研究方向。
Other AbstractThat positive utilities are to be approached and negative utilities are to be avoided is one of the inherent instincts of organisms.However,such a view is sometimes challenged by human positive-utility-appraching behaviors.Accumulated evidences suggest that decisions are often controlled by global retrospective evaluations of relevant experiences,which appear to be dominated both by a weighted average of some salient pieces and the specific features of experiences,which have drawn research attention in specific fields for years.Three significant findings(i.e.,peak-end rule,duration neglect and violations of monotonicity) are presented in this paper.Theoretical and practical implications are developed and discussed.
Keyword有害刺激 回顾性评价 峰值-结尾规则 忽略持续时间
Subject Area认知心理学
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Project三室李纾课题组
CSCD IDCSCD:3989750
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/6674
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding Author李纾
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
苏寅,毕研玲,李纾,等. “避害”还是“趋害”[J]. 心理科学,2010,33(2):506-508.
APA 苏寅,毕研玲,李纾,&饶俪琳.(2010).“避害”还是“趋害”.心理科学,33(2),506-508.
MLA 苏寅,et al."“避害”还是“趋害”".心理科学 33.2(2010):506-508.
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