PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
章婕; 吴振云; 方格; 李娟; 韩布新; 陈祉妍
Source Publication中国心理卫生杂志
Abstract目的:验证流调中心抑郁量表(The Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale,CES-D)在我国城市人群中不同年龄组的适用性,并建立各年龄组常模。方法:采用横断面研究方法,在全国21省39座城市收集普通人群样本16047名[年龄11~100岁,平均(37.7±21.3)岁]以建立常模,在4个城市的精神科门诊与住院病人中选取病人样本349名[年龄16~81岁,平均(32.0±12.1)岁]以检验效标效度。从普通人群样本中抽取北京、东莞、包头的199名企业职工、100名大学生、30名教师进行了间隔8周的重测,以检验重测信度。结果:CES-D的Cronbachα系数为0.90,各因素的Cronbachα系数为0.68~0.86;间隔8周的重测信度为0.49(P<0.01),各因素重测相关为0.39~0.51(P<0.01);验证性因素分析支持原量表4因素的结构(RMSEA=0.057,CFI=0.976,GFI=0.948);心理疾病患者CES-D得分高于普通人群[(21.72±13.39)vs.(13.24±10.33),P<0.01)],其中抑郁患者得分最高[(27.82±14.42),P<0.01];不同年龄组CES-D得分差异有统计学意义,60岁以上组得分高于60岁以下各组(P<0.01)。结论:中文版流调中心抑郁量表适用于我国不同年龄群体,是一个可靠而有效的自评式抑郁症状测量工具。
Other AbstractObjective:To test applicability of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)in different age groups in urban China,and to develop age norms.Methods:In this cross-sectional study,the CES-D was administrated to 16047 community participants with average age of(37.7±21.3) years(age ranged 11100) in 21 provinces,who were as the norming sample.Criterion validity was tested in 349 psychiatric patients with average age of(32.0±12.1) years(age ranged 1681) in 4 cities.A subsample(199 workers,100 college students,and 30 teachers in Beijing,Dongguan,and Baotou) was drawn from the national sample to provide 8 week interval test-retest reliability.Results:The Cronbach α was 0.90 for the scale,and 0.680.86 for its factors.The 8 week interval test-retest correlation was 0.49 for the scale(P<0.01)and 0.390.51 for factors(P<0.01).The result of confirmatory factor analysis supported the original 4-factor structure(RMSEA=0.057,CFI=0.976,GFI=0.948).Patients scored higher than community sample [(21.72±13.39) vs.(13.24±10.33),P<0.01],and depression patients scored the highest[(27.82±14.42),P<0.01].Age difference was significant.Age groups over 60-year-old scored higher than all the other age groups under 60-year-old (P<0.01).Conclusion:The Chinese version of CES-D shows good reliability and validity across all ages in urban population.
Keyword心理测量 普通人群 心理疾病患者 抑郁 全国常模城市 流调中心抑郁量表 横断面研究
Subject Area心理测量
Indexed ByCSCD
Funding Project一室陈祉妍课题组
Citation statistics
Cited Times:100[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author陈祉妍
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
章婕,吴振云,方格,等. 流调中心抑郁量表全国城市常模的建立[J]. 中国心理卫生杂志,2010,24(2):139-143.
APA 章婕,吴振云,方格,李娟,韩布新,&陈祉妍.(2010).流调中心抑郁量表全国城市常模的建立.中国心理卫生杂志,24(2),139-143.
MLA 章婕,et al."流调中心抑郁量表全国城市常模的建立".中国心理卫生杂志 24.2(2010):139-143.
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