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5-9岁儿童对常见食物及其营养的认知
Alternative Title5-9-year-old children’s understanding of food and nutrition
刘国平; 朱莉琪; 王雯
2009
Source Publication中华行为医学与脑科学杂志
Volume18Issue:10
Abstract

目的: 通过各年龄儿童对常见食物的分类任务,考察儿童对食物与营养健康关系的认知。

方法: 本研究用临床访谈法,采用多种任务范式,考察5岁、7岁、9岁儿童对常见食物的自发分类以及对膳食平衡的认知。

结果: 5岁儿童更多依赖食物的具体特征进行分类,5-9岁儿童在物理标准(H(2)=12.929,P<0.01),习俗标准(H(2)=5.540,P=0.063),加工方式(H(2)=6.076,P<0.05)的使用上年龄差异显著。对于不同营养搭配的套餐,社会经济条件不同的两组儿童选择人数百分比差异显著(χ2(1)=5.857, P=0.016;χ2(1)=4.510, P=0.034),SES高组的儿童比SES低组的儿童更多选择均衡的饮食(SES高组选择营养搭配人数百分比是75.0%􀋈93.8%􀋗SES低组是45.2%􀋈74.2%)。

结论:儿童对食物和营养的理解与认知发展有关。随着年龄的增长,儿童逐渐形成膳食营养平衡的观念;生活经验对“膳食平衡”的认知产生影响。

Other Abstract

Objective  To investigate children’s understanding of food, nutrition and its relation to health.

Methods  Participants were interviewed individually, various experimental tasks were used to explore 5-9 year old children’s spontaneous classification of familiar food and their understanding of food balance.

Results Five-year-old children rely more than elders on physical cues. There is significant age difference of their criterion of classification among. Higher SES children tended to choose balanced food􀋄percentage of choosing balanced food in higher SES group is 75.0%􀋈93.8%; lower SES group, 45.2%􀋈74.2%).

Conclusion   The criterion children used is related to their cognitive development and experience. As they become older, more and more children realized the nutritional value of foods. There was a significant age difference in nutrition-balanced food choice, and children’s social economic status influenced their performance.

Keyword自发分类 食物认知 儿童认知发展 朴素生物学
Subject Area发展心理学
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金(30570615)
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/6899
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding Author朱莉琪
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
刘国平,朱莉琪,王雯. 5-9岁儿童对常见食物及其营养的认知[J]. 中华行为医学与脑科学杂志,2009,18(10).
APA 刘国平,朱莉琪,&王雯.(2009).5-9岁儿童对常见食物及其营养的认知.中华行为医学与脑科学杂志,18(10).
MLA 刘国平,et al."5-9岁儿童对常见食物及其营养的认知".中华行为医学与脑科学杂志 18.10(2009).
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