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Unilateral implicit motor learning deficit in developmental dyslexia
Yang, Yang; Hong-Yan, Bi1; Hong-Yan, B (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2011
Source PublicationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0020-7594
SubtypeArticle
Volume46Issue:1Pages:1-8
Contribution Rank1
AbstractIt has been suggested that developmental dyslexia involves various literacy, sensory, motor skill, and processing speed deficits. Some recent studies have shown that individuals with developmental dyslexia exhibit implicit motor learning deficits, which may be related to cerebellar functioning. However, previous studies on implicit motor learning in developmental dyslexics have produced conflicting results. Findings from cerebellar lesion patients have shown that patients' implicit motor learning performance varied when different hands were used to complete tasks. This suggests that dyslexia may have different effects on implicit motor learning between the two hands if cerebellar dysfunction is involved. To specify this question, we used a one-handed version of a serial reaction time task to compare the performance of 27 Chinese children with developmental dyslexics with another 27 age-matched children without reading difficulties. All the subjects were students from two primary schools, Grades 4 to 6. The results showed that children with developmental dyslexic responded more slowly than nondyslexic children, and exhibited no implicit motor learning in the condition of left-hand response. In contrast, there was no significant difference in reaction time between two groups of children when they used the right hand to respond. This finding indicates that children with developmental dyslexia exhibited normal motor skill and implicit motor learning ability provided the right hand was used. Taken together, these results suggested that Chinese children with developmental dyslexia exhibit unilateral deficits in motor skill and implicit motor learning in the left hand. Our findings lend partial support to the cerebellar deficit theory of developmental dyslexia.
KeywordChinese children Developmental dyslexia Implicit motor learning Serial reaction time task
Subject AreaCognitive Psychology
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding Project二室毕鸿燕课题组
WOS IDWOS:000287085300001
Citation statistics
Cited Times:10[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/6927
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorHong-Yan, B (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Yang,Hong-Yan, Bi,Hong-Yan, B . Unilateral implicit motor learning deficit in developmental dyslexia[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY,2011,46(1):1-8.
APA Yang, Yang,Hong-Yan, Bi,&Hong-Yan, B .(2011).Unilateral implicit motor learning deficit in developmental dyslexia.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY,46(1),1-8.
MLA Yang, Yang,et al."Unilateral implicit motor learning deficit in developmental dyslexia".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY 46.1(2011):1-8.
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