Psychological distress among adolescents in Chengdu, Sichuan at one month after the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake
Joseph T. F. Lau; Xiaonan Yu; Jianxin Zhang; Winnie W. S. Mak; Kai Chow Choi; Wacy W. S. Lui; Emily Y. Y. Chan
2010
发表期刊JOURNAL OF URBAN HEALTH-BULLETIN OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF MEDICINE
ISSN1099-3460
卷号87期号:3页码:504-523
摘要A devastating earthquake occurred on May 12, 2008 in Sichuan, China. This study investigated the prevalence and factors in association with psychological problems among secondary school students living in Chengdu (90 km away from the disaster epicenter) in June 2008. In a cross-sectional survey, 3,324 secondary students self-administered a structured questionnaire in classroom setting. Validated scales were used in this study. Among all respondents, 22.3% reported post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); 22.6% were probable depression cases; 10.6% reported suicidal ideation; and 14.1% would like to receive psychological counseling. No gender differences were found. While social/emotional support from teachers or peers (OR from 0.40 to 0.78) and exposure to positive news reports (OR from 0.59 to 0.62) were found protective, prior experience of severe mental distress (OR from 1.60 to 2.68) and corporal punishment (OR from 1.31 to 1.58), worry about future aftershocks (OR from 1.64 to 3.11), absence from school when it was not closed (OR from 1.38 to 1.48), exposures to scary or sorrowful disaster media coverage (OR from 1.39 to 2.07), post-disaster visits to affected sites (OR from 1.51 to 1.59), separation from parents (OR = 1.61), etc., were risk factors predictive of some of the aforementioned psychological problems. Negative mental health impacts were prevalent among the respondents. Teachers, parents, and the mass media are all important in maintaining good mental health among adolescents that are indirectly affected by the severe earthquake. The results have important implications for earthquake preparedness and relief work in the future.
关键词Depression Disaster Earthquake Post-traumatic stress disorder
学科领域创伤心理学
收录类别SCI
语种英语
资助项目一室张建新课题组
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/7197
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者Joseph T. F. Lau
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Joseph T. F. Lau,Xiaonan Yu,Jianxin Zhang,et al. Psychological distress among adolescents in Chengdu, Sichuan at one month after the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake[J]. JOURNAL OF URBAN HEALTH-BULLETIN OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF MEDICINE,2010,87(3):504-523.
APA Joseph T. F. Lau.,Xiaonan Yu.,Jianxin Zhang.,Winnie W. S. Mak.,Kai Chow Choi.,...&Emily Y. Y. Chan.(2010).Psychological distress among adolescents in Chengdu, Sichuan at one month after the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake.JOURNAL OF URBAN HEALTH-BULLETIN OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF MEDICINE,87(3),504-523.
MLA Joseph T. F. Lau,et al."Psychological distress among adolescents in Chengdu, Sichuan at one month after the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake".JOURNAL OF URBAN HEALTH-BULLETIN OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF MEDICINE 87.3(2010):504-523.
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