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Gender differences in the effects of post-learning emotion on consolidation of item memory and source memory.
Wang B; Fu XL(傅小兰)
2010
Source PublicationNeurobiology of Learning and Memory
Volume93Issue:4Pages:572-580
AbstractItem memory and source memory are two integral elements of episodic memory. Although many studies have examined the effect of emotion on item memory, little research has simultaneously taken into account item memory and source memory. In addition, in the majority of previous studies, learning stimuli are used as the source of emotion, making it difficult to understand whether emotion has an effect on encoding or on consolidation of episodic memory. Furthermore, although gender differences exist in neurophysiological responses to emotional stimuli, in many studies gender differences were neglected and this leaves the picture incomplete regarding the effect of emotion on episodic memory. In this study,weexamined gender differences in the effects of post-learning emotion on consolidation of item memory and source memory. Participants learned neutral Chinese nouns, took a memory pretest, and were then randomly assigned to three conditions, in which they either watched a 3-min negative video clip, or watched a 3-min positive video clip, or remained calm and relaxed for 3 min. Thirty minutes after the initial learning, participants took a memory posttest. We found that: (1) For females, post-learning negative emotion enhanced consolidation of item memory; however, neither negative emotion nor positive emotion had a significant effect on consolidation of source memory; (2) For males, neither negative nor positive emotion after learning had a significant effect on either item memory or source memory. Possible reasons for the gender differences, as well as the theoretical significance and practical implications of this study were discussed.
KeywordGender differences Post-learning emotion Item memory Source memory Consolidation
Subject Area情绪心理学
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding Project二室傅小兰课题组
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/7205
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding AuthorFu XL(傅小兰)
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang B,Fu XL. Gender differences in the effects of post-learning emotion on consolidation of item memory and source memory.[J]. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory,2010,93(4):572-580.
APA Wang B,&傅小兰.(2010).Gender differences in the effects of post-learning emotion on consolidation of item memory and source memory..Neurobiology of Learning and Memory,93(4),572-580.
MLA Wang B,et al."Gender differences in the effects of post-learning emotion on consolidation of item memory and source memory.".Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 93.4(2010):572-580.
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