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VERBAL MEMORY RETRIEVAL ENGAGES VISUAL CORTEX IN MUSICIANS
Huang, Z.1,2; Zhang, J. X.3; Yang, Z.1; Dong, G.4; Wu, J.; Chan, A. S.3; Weng, X.1; Yang Z(杨志)
2010-06-16
Source PublicationNEUROSCIENCE
ISSN0306-4522
SubtypeArticle
Volume168Issue:1Pages:179-189
AbstractAs one major line of research on brain plasticity, many imaging studies have been conducted to identify the functional and structural reorganization associated with musical expertise. Based on previous behavioral research, the present study used functional magnetic resonance imaging to identify the neural correlates of superior verbal memory performance in musicians. Participants with and without musical training performed a verbal memory task to first encode a list of words auditorily delivered and then silently recall as many words as possible. They performed in separate blocks a control task involving pure tone pitch judgment. Post-scan recognition test showed better memory performance in musicians than non-musicians. During memory retrieval, the musicians showed significantly greater activations in bilateral though left-lateralized visual cortex relative to the pitch judgment baseline. In comparison, no such visual cortical activations were found in the non-musicians. No group differences were observed during the encoding stage. The results echo a previous report of visual cortical activation during verbal memory retrieval in the absence of any visual sensory stimulation in the blind population, who are also known to possess superior verbal memory. It is suggested that the visual cortex can be recruited to serve as extra memory resources and contributes to the superior verbal memory in special situations. While in the blind population, such cross-modal functional reorganization may be induced by sensory deprivation; in the musicians it may be induced by the long-term and demanding nature of musical training to use as much available neural resources as possible. (C) 2010 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywordbrain plasticity functional reorganization musical training visual cortex fMRI
Subject Area认知神经科学
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding Project二室翁旭初课题组
WOS IDWOS:000278041500017
Citation statistics
Cited Times:15[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/7223
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding AuthorYang Z(杨志)
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Ctr Magnet Resonance Imaging Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Dept Psychol, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
4.S China Normal Univ, Ctr Studies Psychol Applicat, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Huang, Z.,Zhang, J. X.,Yang, Z.,et al. VERBAL MEMORY RETRIEVAL ENGAGES VISUAL CORTEX IN MUSICIANS[J]. NEUROSCIENCE,2010,168(1):179-189.
APA Huang, Z..,Zhang, J. X..,Yang, Z..,Dong, G..,Wu, J..,...&杨志.(2010).VERBAL MEMORY RETRIEVAL ENGAGES VISUAL CORTEX IN MUSICIANS.NEUROSCIENCE,168(1),179-189.
MLA Huang, Z.,et al."VERBAL MEMORY RETRIEVAL ENGAGES VISUAL CORTEX IN MUSICIANS".NEUROSCIENCE 168.1(2010):179-189.
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