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SENSORY GATING, INHIBITION CONTROL AND CHILD INTELLIGENCE: AN EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS STUDY
Liu, T.1; Xiao, T.2; Shi, J.1; Zhao, L.3; Liu, T (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Dutun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2011-08-25
Source PublicationNEUROSCIENCE
ISSN0306-4522
SubtypeArticle
Volume189Issue:1Pages:250-257
Contribution Rank1
AbstractThe current study explored the relationship among sensory gating, inhibition control and human intelligence in two groups of children with different intellectual levels. A Go-Nogo task was adopted to investigate children’s behavioral performances in inhibition control processing, and a paired-click paradigm with event-related potentials (ERP) recording was used to explore children’s neural activation during sensory gating processing. The behavioral results showed that the intellectually gifted children committed significantly less commission error rate, which indicated that gifted children had better inhibition control than their average peers. The electrophysiological results showed that the gifted group had lower S2P50/S1P50 amplitude ratio than the average group and illustrated that gifted children had stronger sensory gating. The results of correlation analysis between inhibition control performances and sensory gating showed that children with stronger P50 suppression (lower S2/S1 latency ratio) in the fronto-central area and stronger N100 suppression (lower S2/S1 amplitude ratio) in the frontal and fronto-central areas had shorter reaction time in the Go-Nogo task. Moreover, the correlation patterns between sensory gating and inhibition control were different between two groups of children. The present findings further demonstrated the close relationship among sensory gating, inhibition control and human intelligence in children.; The current study explored the relationship among sensory gating, inhibition control and human intelligence in two groups of children with different intellectual levels. A Go-Nogo task was adopted to investigate children's behavioral performances in inhibition control processing, and a paired-click paradigm with event-related potentials (ERP) recording was used to explore children's neural activation during sensory gating processing. The behavioral results showed that the intellectually gifted children committed significantly less commission error rate, which indicated that gifted children had better inhibition control than their average peers. The electrophysiological results showed that the gifted group had lower S2(P50)/S1(P50) amplitude ratio than the average group and illustrated that gifted children had stronger sensory gating. The results of correlation analysis between inhibition control performances and sensory gating showed that children with stronger P50 suppression (lower S2/S1 latency ratio) in the fronto-central area and stronger N100 suppression (lower S2/S1 amplitude ratio) in the frontal and fronto-central areas had shorter reaction time in the Go-Nogo task. Moreover, the correlation patterns between sensory gating and inhibition control were different between two groups of children. The present findings further demonstrated the close relationship among sensory gating, inhibition control and human intelligence in children. (C) 2011 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywordsensory gating inhibition control intelligence event-related potentials early adolescence
Subject AreaPerception Psychology,Developmental Psychology
URL查看原文
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNatural Science Foundation for the Youth of China [31000468] ; Scientific Research Foundation of Chinese Academy of Sciences [Y0CX272B01] ; Scientific Foundation of Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences [Y0CX402S01]
Project Intro.This research was supported by Natural Science Foundation for the Youth of China (Grant No. 31000468), Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation and President Award Scientific Research Foundation of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No.Y0CX272B01), and the Scientific Foundation of Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (No.Y0CX402S01). We would like to thank Qian Liu, Hongyan Chen, Liping Lu, Fen Yu, Ting Tao and Long Wang for the data collection, and express our warmest thanks to all of the children for their participation.
WOS IDWOS:000294090700024
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Cited Times:9[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/8840
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorLiu, T (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Dutun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Northeastern Univ, Nat Language Proc Lab, Liaoning, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Shengkun Yan Lun Technol Co Ltd, Ctr Visual Art & Brain Cognit, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, T.,Xiao, T.,Shi, J.,et al. SENSORY GATING, INHIBITION CONTROL AND CHILD INTELLIGENCE: AN EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS STUDY[J]. NEUROSCIENCE,2011,189(1):250-257.
APA Liu, T.,Xiao, T.,Shi, J.,Zhao, L.,&Liu, T .(2011).SENSORY GATING, INHIBITION CONTROL AND CHILD INTELLIGENCE: AN EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS STUDY.NEUROSCIENCE,189(1),250-257.
MLA Liu, T.,et al."SENSORY GATING, INHIBITION CONTROL AND CHILD INTELLIGENCE: AN EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS STUDY".NEUROSCIENCE 189.1(2011):250-257.
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