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Arithmetic processing in the brain shaped by cultures
Tang, Yiyuan; Zhang, Wutian; Chen, Kewei; Feng, Shigang; Ji, Ye; Shen, Junxian; Reiman, Eric M.; Liu, Yijun; Liu, YJ
2006-07-11
Source PublicationPROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Correspondent Emailyijunliu@ufl.edu
ISSN0027-8424
SubtypeArticle
Volume103Issue:28Pages:10775-10780
Contribution Rank2
AbstractThe universal use of Arabic numbers in mathematics raises a question whether these digits are processed the same way in people speaking various languages, such as Chinese and English, which reflect differences in Eastern and Western cultures. Using functional MRI, we demonstrated a differential cortical represen- tation of numbers between native Chinese and English speakers. Contrasting to native English speakers, who largely employ a language process that relies on the left perisylvian cortices for mental calculation such as a simple addition task, native Chinese speakers, instead, engage a visuo-premotor association network for the same task. Whereas in both groups the inferior parietal cortex was activated by a task for numerical quantity comparison, functional MRI connectivity analyses revealed a functional distinc- tion between Chinese and English groups among the brain net- works involved in the task. Our results further indicate that the different biological encoding of numbers may be shaped by visual reading experience during language acquisition and other cultural factors such as mathematics learning strategies and education systems, which cannot be explained completely by the differences in languages per se.; The universal use of Arabic numbers in mathematics raises a question whether these digits are processed the same way in people speaking various languages, such as Chinese and English, which reflect differences in Eastern and Western cultures. Using functional MRI, we demonstrated a differential cortical representation of numbers between native Chinese and English speakers. Contrasting to native English speakers, who largely employ a language process that relies on the left perisylvian cortices for mental calculation such as a simple addition task, native Chinese speakers, instead, engage a visuo-premotor association network for the same task. Whereas in both groups the inferior parietal cortex was activated by a task for numerical quantity comparison, functional MRI connectivity analyses revealed a functional distinction between Chinese and English groups among the brain networks involved in the task. Our results further indicate that the different biological encoding of numbers may be shaped by visual reading experience during language acquisition and other cultural factors such as mathematics learning strategies and education systems, which cannot be explained completely by the differences in languages per se.
Keywordarabic numbers fMRI connectivity premotor association area
Subject Area文化心理学
DOI10.1073/pnas.0604416103
URL查看原文
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000239047400043
Citation statistics
Cited Times:155[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/9987
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding AuthorLiu, YJ
Affiliation1.Dalian Univ Technol, Inst Neuroinformat, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
2.Dalian Univ Technol, Lab Brain & Mind, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
5.Univ Florida, McKnight Brain Inst, Gainesville, FL 32610 USA
6.Banner Alzheimer Inst, Phoenix, AZ 85006 USA
7.Banner Good Samaritan Med Ctr, Banner PET Ctr, Phoenix, AZ 85006 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Tang, Yiyuan,Zhang, Wutian,Chen, Kewei,et al. Arithmetic processing in the brain shaped by cultures[J]. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,2006,103(28):10775-10780.
APA Tang, Yiyuan.,Zhang, Wutian.,Chen, Kewei.,Feng, Shigang.,Ji, Ye.,...&Liu, YJ.(2006).Arithmetic processing in the brain shaped by cultures.PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,103(28),10775-10780.
MLA Tang, Yiyuan,et al."Arithmetic processing in the brain shaped by cultures".PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 103.28(2006):10775-10780.
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