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Alternative TitlePsychological and Neurophysiologic Mechanisms of Trust
张宁1; 张雨青1; 吴坎坎1
Source Publication心理科学
Contribution Rank1
Other AbstractTrust is the willingness to accept vulnerability based upon positive expectations of another' s behavior. It is an important tie for the development and maintenance of a wide range of long-term relationships such as friendship, marriage, cooperate cooperation and international relations. Owing to its importance, the mechanisms of developing and maintaining trust have caught the eye of scientists from different disciplines such as psychologists, organizational behaviorists, sociologists, and experimental-economists and so on. During the past decades, researchers proposed the Dyadic Model, Rational Choice Model, Motivated Attributions Model, and Perceived Trustworthiness - Cooperation Spiral Model of Trust Development. All of these models shed light on the complexity of trust development from different aspect. However, each model has its own limitations, for example, the Dyadic Model outlineds the factors that influence the process of trust building, but it doesn't clarify how the factors or the overall effect of these factors interact in the process of trust development. The Rational Choice Model is based on the assumption that people' s behaviors are all rational, but recent research indicates that people's behaviors are not necessarily rational at all the times. Therefore, an integrated model of trust development will ensure the course of future research. Besides, psychological research on the maintenance of trust has shown that betrayal has long-term detrimental effects on trust development; once betrayed, it is almost impossible to rebuild a trust relationship as good as before. Although commitment can enhance the process of rebuilding trust, it never cures the hurts caused by betrayal. On the other hand, researchers have begun to investigate the origins of trust and trust development from biological and evolutionary perspectives. The evolutionary perspective proposes that trust is one basic aspect of human nature. It is an evolutionary developed adaptive mechanism for human survival. Thair recently, neuron scientists and experimental economists have begun to uncover the underlying physiological basis of human trust. Results have shown that oxytocin is associated with human trustworthiness and trust behavior and that trust is associated with the activation of dorsal striatum, anterior insula and brain areas that have proved to be linked with reward processing: nucleus accumbens, the caudate nucleus, ventromedial frontal/orbitofrontal cortex, and rostral anterior cingulate cortex. These researches have opened new vista for us to understand the mysteries of trust. Although tremendous progress has been made in understanding the mechanism of trust and trust development, more research work is needed to unravel the mysteries of the psychological and neurophysiolugic underlJinning of human trust. One direction of future research is how the interaction or coordination of different factors influences the process of trust development. Another direction is how trust develops across the lifespan, particularly how cognitive, emotional and social development direction the development of trust among individuals. Besides, future research can shed light on disentangling the mysteries of trust through longitudinal designs, experiments conducted in real-life settings, cross-cultural comparison, and the advancement of social-cognitive-neuroscience.
Keyword信任 信任发展 心理机制 神经生理机制 催产素
Subject Area社会心理学
Indexed ByCSCD
Funding Organization本研究得到中科院心理所发展基金项目“震后心理应激反应的民族差异及其社会心理模式”(09CX154015),中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目“社会变革时期公众的社会心理问题”(KSCX2-YW-R-130)和北京市重点学科建设项目的资助.
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author张雨青
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张宁,张雨青,吴坎坎. 信任的心理和神经生理机制[J]. 心理科学,2011,34(5):1137-1143.
APA 张宁,张雨青,&吴坎坎.(2011).信任的心理和神经生理机制.心理科学,34(5),1137-1143.
MLA 张宁,et al."信任的心理和神经生理机制".心理科学 34.5(2011):1137-1143.
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