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中国老年心理问题的评估、预警与干预示范研究总体方案:中国纵向老龄化研究(英文)
Alternative TitleMethodology of China's national study on the evaluation, early recognition, and treatment of psychological problems in the elderly: the China Longitudinal Aging Study (CLAS)
肖世富1; 李娟1; 唐牟尼1; 陈炜1; 鲍枫1; 王华丽1; 王玉平1; 刘盈1; 王亚平1; 袁也丰1; 左小云1; 陈中鸣1; 张许来1; 崔丽娟1; 李霞1; 王涛1; 吴文源1; 张明园1
2013
Source Publication上海精神医学
ISSN1002-0829
Subtype期刊论文
Volume25Issue:2Pages:91-98
Contribution Rank2
Abstract认知和抑郁障是中国老年人常见的心理障碍,已成为严重的公共卫生问题,主要原因是快速的老龄化。为解决这一问题,中国政府资助了一项重大研究,以建立老年人常见心理障碍的早期识别、评估和非药物治疗标准。本文介绍了此研究的总体方法学。来自于8个省市的15个研究中心将从60岁以上老年人群中招募有代表性的研究样本,收集详细的病史资料,完成躯体和神经系统检查,进行全套神经心理测验和临床评定量表评估,采用DSM-IV定式临床访谈作出诊断。初始评估结束后第1年和第3年,将对研究对象进行随访评估。轻度认知损害(mild cognitive impairment,MCI)和亚临床抑郁者会被纳入随机对照研究,接受认知训练(MCI者)或团体认知行为治疗(亚临床抑郁者)。研究结果将用于估计老年入的认知和情感障碍的患病率,制定标准的筛查程序在全国推广应用,并促进采用针对性的干预措施来预防MCI发展为痴呆及老年亚临床抑郁进展为抑郁症。; Summary: Cognitive and depressive disorders are common in elderly Chinese and are becoming an increasingly important public health problem, partly because of the rapid aging of the population. To help address this issue China's national government has funded a major study to establish national standards for the early identifica- tion, evaluation and treatment of common psychological disorders in the elderly. The present paper describes the overall methodology of this study. Fifteen centers in eight provinces will recruit representative samples of subjects aged 60 and over, collect a detailed history, conduct a physical and neurological examination, ad- minister a comprehensive battery of psychological tests, and carry out a diagnostic exam using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID). These subjects will participate in follow-up evaluations one year and three years after the initial evaluation. Subsamples of subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and subclinical depression wilt be enrolled in randomized controlled trials of a cognitive training program (for MCI) or group cognitive behavioral therapy (for subclinical depression). The results of the study will be used to estimate the prevalence of cognitive and affective disorders in the elderly, to develop a standard screening procedure for these conditions that can be promulgated nationally, and to promote the use of specific interventions that can prevent the development of dementia in persons with MCI and the development of depressive episodes in elderly individuals with subclinical depression.
Keyword老年心理 亚临床 随访评估 轻度认知损害 神经心理测验 认知训练 示范研究 情感障碍 impairment 公共卫生
Subject Area老年心理学
URL查看原文
Language中文
Funding OrganizationThe Ministry of Science and Technology,National Pillar Program 2009BA177B03 ; National Key Clinical Disciplines at Shanghai Mental Health Center(Office of Medical Affairs,Ministry of Health,2011-873 ; OMAMH, 2011-873)
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15138
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Corresponding Author肖世富
Affiliation1.上海交通大学医学院附属精神卫生中心
2.上海交通大学阿尔茨海默病诊治中心
3.中国科学院心理研究所
4.广州市脑科医院
5.浙江大学附属邵逸夫医院
6.首都医科大学附属北京安定医院
7.北京大学第六医院
8.首都医科大学附属宣武医院
9.中国医科大学附属第一医院
10.西安交通大学医学院第一附属医院
11.南昌大学第一附属医院
12.吉安市第三人民医院
13.宁波市安康医院
14.合肥市第四人民医院
15.华东师范大学
16.同济大学附属同济医院
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
肖世富,李娟,唐牟尼,等. 中国老年心理问题的评估、预警与干预示范研究总体方案:中国纵向老龄化研究(英文)[J]. 上海精神医学,2013,25(2):91-98.
APA 肖世富.,李娟.,唐牟尼.,陈炜.,鲍枫.,...&张明园.(2013).中国老年心理问题的评估、预警与干预示范研究总体方案:中国纵向老龄化研究(英文).上海精神医学,25(2),91-98.
MLA 肖世富,et al."中国老年心理问题的评估、预警与干预示范研究总体方案:中国纵向老龄化研究(英文)".上海精神医学 25.2(2013):91-98.
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