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高风险企业工作压力对安全行为的影响: 基于挑战型—阻碍型压力源框架
Alternative TitleThe effects of work stress on safety behaviors in High-risk enterprise: based on challenge-hindrance stressor frame
Thesis Advisor李永娟
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline心理学
Keyword挑战型—阻碍型压力源 安全行为 主管支持 挑战型—阻碍型压力源,安全行为,主管支持,安全控制感 安全控制感
Abstract近年来工作压力的相关研究从单纯关注其负面作用,转向从积极和消极两方面的探索。据此,挑战型—阻碍型压力源模型对工作压力的维度进行了划分,有研究表明,挑战型—阻碍型压力源分别通过情感路径和动机路径对结果变量产生影响。在高风险领域,工作压力对安全绩效的影响也受到了越来越多的关注,但尚未获得一致的研究结果。工作要求—资源模型认为,工作资源会为员工完成工作提供支持,促使个体更好的应对工作要求。因此,本研究的目的在于:(1)基于挑战型—阻碍型压力源框架,在安全领域探讨工作压力对安全行为的影响; (2)
Other AbstractThe study on work stressors’  has been changed from emphasizing negative effect purely to paying attention to both positive and negative aspects recent years. Based on their  differential  effects, work stressors have been divided  into  two  dimensions: challenge and hindrance stressors. Both of them have effects on outcomes via emotion and motivation, respectively. And  According to job demand-resource model,  job resources  support  individual to cope with job demands  successfully.  In safety field, more and more researchers have been showing increasing interest in in work stressors, while the possible different effects  of challenge and hindrance stressors on safety performance (behaviors) has not gotten a consistent conclusion  yet. Hence, the purposes of the current study were: (1) to explore the effect of work stressors on safety behaviors based on challenge-hindrance stressor framework; (2) to investigate the moderating effect of job resources (perceived  safety control and supervisor’s support) on the relationship above.
Two studies have been designed in the current research. In study one, a total of 272 coal mine employees answered the survey, which was to test the first purpose. In study two, a total of 289 nuclear power plant operators from  43  teams answered the surveys, which was to test the second purposed. Path analysis was used to analyze the data.
The results  showed  that  (1)  work stressors  made  effect on safety behaviors through different pathways. For affection pathway, challenge and hindrance stressor induced  emotion exhaustion,  respectively,  and exhaustion  affected safety behaviors negatively. But hindrance stressor had no significant relationship with exhaustion in coal mine sample.  For motivation pathway,  challenge and  hindrance stressors  had negative effect on motivation, and motivation had positive effect on safety behaviors. But challenge stressor had  no effect on safety motivation in nuclear sample.  (2) Supervisor support could  relieve the relationship between hindrance stressor and exhaustion.  In addition, safety control  restrained  the negative effect of hindrance stressor on motivation.
In conclusion,  the current  research combines  and extends  challenge-hindrance stressor model and job demand-resource model especially in safety field. On the other hand,  the results  also  indicate how to relieve staff’s strain and increase safety motivation at group and individual level for supervisor. Other theoretical and practical implications were also discussed.
Subject Area应用心理学
Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王璐璐. 高风险企业工作压力对安全行为的影响: 基于挑战型—阻碍型压力源框架[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2013.
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