PSYCH OpenIR  > 健康与遗传心理学研究室
Alternative TitleMeaning in life, Posttraumatic Growth, and Subjective Well-being: the Moderation role of Experiential Avoidance
Thesis Advisor祝卓宏
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline心理学
Keyword生命意义感 主观幸福感 创伤后成长经验性回避 创伤后成长经验性回避 经验性回避
第一、在大学生群体中,存在生命意义感与生活满意度、正性情感显著正相关(r=0.54、0.46,P<0.01),与负性情感显著负相关(r= -0.34,P<0.01);寻找生命意义感与生活满意度、正负性情感相关不显著(P>0.05)。回归分析显示,在控制了性别和年龄之后,存在生命意义感得分正向预测生活满意度(β=0.42,P<0.001)、正性情感(β=0.36,P<0.001),负向预测负性情感(β=-0.18,P<0.01);寻找生命意义感得分对生活满意度、正负性情感的预测作用不显著(P>0.05);在对生活满意度的预测中,寻找生命意义感和经验性回避的二阶交互作用显著(β=-0.14,P<0.05);其它二阶交互项存在寻找、存在回避,三阶交互项存在×寻找×回避均不显著(P>0.05)。
第二、对于灾区青少年,存在生命意义感、寻找生命意义感得分与创伤后成长得分正相关(r=0.47、0.30,P<0.01)。回归分析显示,存在生命意义感、寻找生命意义感得分分别正向预测创伤后成长(β=0.47、β==0.19, P<0.001);存在生命意义感、寻找生命意义感、经验性回避三阶交互作用显著(β=-0.09,P<0.001),其中,经验性回避低分组,存在生命意义感和寻找生命意义感在对创伤后成长预测中二阶交互作用显著(β=0.10,P<0.05),经验性回避中等组和高分组的交互作用不显著(P>0.05);三个二阶交互项——存在×寻找、存在×回避、寻找×回避均不显著(P>0.05)。
Other AbstractObjective:To investigate the relationship among meaning in life, subjective well-being, posttraumatic growth, and experiential voidance. Specifically, for college students, investigate the relationship among meaning in life and three elements of subjective well-being:life satisfaction, positive emotion, negative emotion. The moderation role of experiential voidance was also detected. For earthquake survivors, investigate the relationship between meaning in life and posttraumatic growth, and the moderation role of experiential voidance. Method:Questionnaire survey was utilized. In study one, totally 250 freshmen from a university in Beijing were assessed with Meaning of Life Questionnaire(MLQ), the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire Second Edition (AAQ-II), Satisfaction With Life Scale(SWLS), The Positive and Negative Affect Scale(PANAS). Thetotalamountofvalidquestionnairesis238. In study two, totally 1808 freshmen from vocational high school in Sichuan were assessed with Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), Meaning of Life Questionnaire(MLQ), the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire Second Edition (AAQ-II). Thetotalamountofvalidquestionnairesare1530.
First,for college students, correlation analysis showed “presence of meaning” was positively correlated with life satisfaction, positive emotion(r=0.54, 0.46, P<0.01), and negatively correlated with negative emotion(r= -0.34,P<0.01). “Search ofmeaning” wasn’t positively correlated with life satisfaction, positive emotion, negative emotion(P>0.05). Regression analysis showed that after controlling gender and age, students’ scores of life satisfaction(β=0.42,P<0.001), positive emotion(β=0.36,P<0.001), negative emotion (β=-0.18,P<0.01) were positively predicted by scores of presence of meaning, while they weren’t positively predicted by scores searching for meaning(P>0.05). The two way interaction effect of searching for meaning and experiential avoidance in the prediction of life satisfaction was found(β=-0.14,P<0.05), while other types of two way interaction(presence search, presence  avoidance) or three way interaction (presence×search×avoidance) effect weren’t found(P>0.05).
Second,for earthquake survivors,correlation analysis showed “presence of meaning” and “searching for meaning” was both positively correlated with posttraumatic growth(r=0.47, 0.30, P<0.01). Regression analysis showed students’ scores of posttraumatic growth were positively predicted by scores of presence of meaning(β=0.47)and searching for meaning(β=0.19). The three way interaction effect of presence of meaning, searching for meaningand experiential avoidance in the prediction of posttraumatic growth wasfound(β=-0.09,P<0.001).For individuals with less experimental avoidance, the two way interaction effect of presence and searching meaning reached statistical significance(β=0.10,P<0.05),while such phenomenon wasn’t found in medium and high experimental avoidance groups(P>0.05). Two way interaction effect, including presence×search, presence×avoidance, search ×avoidance weren’t found(P>0.05).
First, for college students, the meaning in life, especially the presence of meaning in life, is closely related to subjective well-being. Enhancements of meaning in life would help enhance their life satisfaction, and help them develop a positive and optimistic attitude towards life.
Second, experiential avoidance can affect the relationship between meaning in life and subjective well-being. Experiential acceptance(theopposite of avoidance)can promote the positive effect of search of meaning on subjective well-being.
Third, adolescents’ posttraumatic growth is closely related to the presence of meaning  and search of meaning. After the disaster, the individual’s re-searching and re-finding of meaning in life being destroyed arethe key to posttraumatic growth.
Fourth, experiential avoidance could adjust the relationship among presence of meaning, searching for meaning and posttraumatic growth. Experiential acceptance can promote the synergistic effect of presence of meaning and searching for meaning on posttraumatic growth.
Subject Area应用心理学
Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
熊朋迪. 生命意义感与主观幸福感、创伤后成长——经验性回避的调节作用[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2015.
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