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职校生社会支持、依恋状况、心理灵活性与手机成瘾研究
其他题名The Research of the Relationship between the Mobile Phone Addiction and Social Support, Attachment and Psychological Flexibility among Vocational School Students
葛续华
学位类型同等学力硕士
2014-07
学位授予单位中国科学院研究生院
学位授予地点北京
学位专业心理学
关键词手机成瘾 社会支持 依恋 心理灵活性 青少年
摘要手机成瘾已经成为网络成瘾的新动向。随着智能手机层出不穷的新功能和日益普及,在青少年学生群体中,“手机族”、 “低头族”、“电子仆人”也越来越多。手机在满足青少年交际需要的同时,也给他们的身心健康带来很多问题,比如:诱发生理疾病,影响休息、睡眠,影响课堂学习效率、增加经济压力,引发人际关系问题,导致人格障碍,降低理解能力,导致语言退化等。影响青少年学生手机成瘾的因素不仅有抑郁、焦虑、孤独、人格异化等个性特征,还与依恋状况、社会支持等社会因素和心理灵活性这一个体认知因素密不可分。本研究尝试从社会支持、依恋状况等社会心理因素和心理灵活性这一个体认知因素分析与青少年学生手机成瘾倾向的关系,希望能对手机成瘾的研究提供理论补充,以更好的为青少年学生手机成瘾的预防和干预提供一定的理论依据。本研究采用问卷调查的方法对职业院校学生手机成瘾倾向的相关影响因素进行了研究,采用采用《手机成瘾倾向量表》、《社会支持量表》、《亲密关系经历量表》、《接纳与行动问卷第二版》和《认知融合问卷》探讨青少年学生依恋状况、社会支持、心理灵活性与手机成瘾倾向之间的关系。样本来自于山东省两所职业院校的789名中、高职在校青少年学生,平均年龄(18.0±1.8)岁。本研究主要结果如下:1. 职校生手机成瘾倾向得分显示,34.22%的青少年学生达到手机成瘾程度(MPATS>3),说明职校生群体中,手机成瘾行为比较严重。2. 职校生手机成瘾倾向在生源地、独生子女因素上差异不显著,说明手机成瘾在青少年学生群体中已成为一种普遍现象;中职生手机成瘾倾向显著高于高职生;手机使用时间越长,手机成瘾倾向越明显。3. 不同依恋类型职校生手机成瘾倾向差异显著,安全型、冷漠型个体手机成瘾倾向显著低于恐惧型和专注型个体,具有高焦虑特征的恐惧型和专注型个体更容易手机成瘾。4. 不同社会支持分组手机成瘾倾向差异显著,社会支持越差,越容易产生手机成瘾。5. 依恋焦虑、经验性回避、认知融合和手机成瘾倾向呈显著正相关,社会支持的各项指标与手机成瘾倾向呈显著负相关,认知解离在控制经验性回避和认知融合的情况下与手机成瘾倾向呈显著偏相关。依恋焦虑、经验性回避、认知融合、认知解离与客观支持对手机成瘾倾向具有显著的预测作用。6. 社会支持对手机成瘾倾向具有直接影响,同时还通过依恋焦虑、经验性回避、认知融合、认知解离间接影响手机成瘾。 结论:职校生手机成瘾现象不容忽视,依恋状况、社会支持、心理灵活性与手机成瘾倾向之间存在密切关系,依恋焦虑、经验性回避、认知融合、认知解离与客观支持对手机成瘾倾向具有显著的预测作用。社会支持对手机成瘾倾向具有直接影响,同时还通过依恋焦虑、经验性回避、认知融合、认知解离间接影响手机成瘾倾向。
其他摘要Mobile phone addiction has become a new trend of Internet addiction. With the new functions of intelligent mobile phone quick emergence and popularization, there were more and more "mobile phone groups", "bow groups", and "electronic servants" among adolescent students. While meeting the needs of communication, the mobile phone also brought many physical and psychological problems, such as: physiological disease, affecting the rest and sleep, learning efficiency at class, economic pressure, communication barriers, personality disorder, lower understanding ability and language attrition. The influence factors of mobile phone among adolescent students were not only the personality characteristics of depression, anxiety, loneliness, alienation of personality, but also closely related with the social supports ,attachment status and psychological flexibility. This study tried to analyze the mobile phone addiction from social support, attachment status and psychological flexibility, to provide a theoretical study on mobile phone addiction, and further to provide certain theory basis for the prevention and intervention of mobile phone addiction among adolescent students.This research made a study on the vocational school students’ mobile phone addiction tendency through questionnaires. The Mobile Phone Addiction Tendency Questionnaire (MPATS), the Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) ,experiences in Close Relationships Inventory (ECR), the Chinese version of the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire – 2nd Edition(AAQ-Ⅱ)and the Chinese Version of Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire were used to discuss the relationship of the social supports, attachment status, psychological flexibility and the mobile phone addiction among adolescent students. Subjects are 789 adolescent students from two vocational colleges in Shandong Province ,the average age of whom is 18.0±1.8 years.The main results of this study are as follows:1. The score of mobile phone addiction tendency showed that34.22% vocational school students are with higher mobile phone addiction tendency, which stated the mobile phone addiction behaviors are prevalent among adolescent students.2. There are no significant differences of vocational school students’ mobile phone tendency on genders, native places and child status, which stated the mobile phone addiction, is a common phenomenon among adolescent students. The score of medium vocational students’ mobile phone addiction tendency is significant higher than that of higher vocational students. The longer mobile phones are used in a day, the heavier the mobile phone addiction tendency is.3. There were significant differences with mobile phone addiction tendency among vocational school students. The mobile phone addiction tendency of the secure attachment and the dismissing attachment types are significantly lower than that of the fearful attachment and the preoccupied attachment types. The students of the fearful attachment and the preoccupied attachment types usually with higher anxiety are much easier to be addicted on mobile phone use. 4. There were significant differences among different groups of social supports. The lower the social support score is, the heavier the mobile phone addiction tendency is.5. There was significant positive correlation between the attachment anxiety,experiential avoidance , cognitive fusion and mobile phone addiction tendency, and there was significant negative correlation between the mobile phone addiction tendency and the social support factors. There was significant partial correlation between the cognitive defusion and the mobile phone addiction under the control of the factors of experiential avoidance and cognitive fusion. The attachment anxiety,experiential avoidance , cognitive fusion and cognitive defusion are the significant predictors of the mobile phone addiction tendency.6. The social support has direct influence on the mobile phone addiction tendency; at the same time, the experiential avoidance, cognitive fusion and cognitive defusion could partially mediate the relationship between social support and the mobile phone addiction.Conclusion: The mobile phone addiction is prevalent among vocational school students; There are close relationship among social support, attachment, psychological flexibility and the mobile phone addiction tendency. Attachment anxiety,experiential avoidance , cognitive fusion and cognitive defusion are the significant predictors of the mobile phone addiction tendency; The social support has direct influence on the mobile phone addiction; At the same time, the experiential avoidance, cognitive fusion and cognitive defusion could partially mediate the relationship between social support and the mobile phone addiction tendency. 
学科领域应用心理学
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20607
专题社会与工程心理学研究室
作者单位中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
葛续华. 职校生社会支持、依恋状况、心理灵活性与手机成瘾研究[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2014.
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