PSYCH OpenIR
书面语言中情绪信息的加工
Alternative TitleProcessing of emotional information in written language
曹阳1,2; 王琳1,3,4
First Author曹阳
2018-01-20
Source Publication科学通报
Correspondent Emailwanglinsisi@gmail.com
ISSN0023-074X
Subtype期刊论文
Volume63Issue:02Pages:148-163
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

语言不仅能够表达概念信息,也能承载情绪信息.研究语言中蕴含的情绪信息加工,对情感神经科学和语言理解的研究都具有重要意义.行为学、脑电和磁共振成像的研究表明,在不同加工阶段,情绪词中情绪信息的加工既表现出自动化加工又表现出控制性加工;情绪词语加工具有优先性和优势性,词汇加工的网络受到了情绪加工网络的影响.当情绪词出现在句子中时,情绪凸显性使情绪词语的加工优先于句子水平上的语义加工.另外,句子水平上情绪信息加工的研究发现,情绪性句子可以激活情绪加工相关的脑区,并且相比中性句子可以更强地激活语言加工相关的脑区.因此,语言网络与情绪网络有着复杂的联系.

Other Abstract

Language conveys both semantic and emotional information. Emotional processing in language could not be easily explained by the current word recognition model, sentence processing model and discourse comprehension model. In order to uncover the characteristics of emotional processing in written language, the present review attempted to integrate findings from behavioral, event-related potential (ERP), and functional magnetic resonance imagining (fMRI) studies on emotional processing at multiple scales, such as words, sentences and discourses levels. First, previous studies have shown both automatic and controlled processes at different stages of emotional words processing. Some early ERP effects (before 300 ms: such as N1/P1, P2, EPN) as well as the activation of subcortical region (such as amygdala) have been taken as evidences for the rapid and automatic emotional processing. Some late ERP effects (such as late positive component after 500 ms) and the recruitment of higher-order brain areas (such as medial prefrontal cortex and cingulate cortex) have been suggested to reflect the controlled processing of the emotion words. In addition, emotional connotation could enhance cortical responses at all stages of visual word processing such as the assembly of visual word form (up to 200 ms), semantic access (around 200 ms), allocation of attentional resources (around 300 ms), contextual analysis (around 400 ms), and sustained processing (around 500 ms). Moreover, the network of word reading is influenced by the emotional network as manifested by the enhanced engagement of lexical-semantic network when processing emotional words compared to neutral words. However, it remains unclear regarding the time locus of emotional effect with respect to the lexical access. Another important finding is that emotional words obtained prioritized processing no matter when they were presented in isolation or shown in contexts. The salience of emotion information could override detailed semantic analysis, as indicated by the lack of semantic violation effect when the violations occurred to emotion words. Also, the emotional dimension of sentences was prioritized when the emotional words were embedded in sentences, as indicated by the N400 effect to emotion words following neutral congruent contexts. Moreover, the influence of emotional word on sentence processing was sustained, as suggested by its influence on the processing of its following words in sentences. Finally, we showed that emotion can be induced directly by emotional words or implied by a series of neutral words (for example, “The boy fell asleep and never woke up again”). Both types of emotional sentences activated emotional brain network (such as amygdala, insula, medial prefrontal cortex), which in turn enhanced the involvement of language network (such as inferior frontal gyrus, middle temporal gyrus) compared to neutral sentences. Therefore, the language and emotional networks are highly interactive. Overall, the current review summarized main findings regarding emotional processing in written language. We have shown that the study of emotional processing in language has significant importance for psycholinguistics and affective neuroscience. We proposed that it might be a useful approach to investigate emotional language processing from an embodiment perspective. Future studies could further investigate the functional connectivity of the emotional and language networks.

Keyword情绪 语言 自动加工 控制加工 优先性 交互作用
DOI10.1360/N972017-00701
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:6185554
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27689
Collection中国科学院心理研究所
Corresponding Author王琳
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所行为科学重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学心理学系
3.Department of Psychology,Tufts University
4.Department of Psychiatry,Massachusetts General Hospital,Harvard Medical School
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
曹阳,王琳. 书面语言中情绪信息的加工[J]. 科学通报,2018,63(02):148-163.
APA 曹阳,&王琳.(2018).书面语言中情绪信息的加工.科学通报,63(02),148-163.
MLA 曹阳,et al."书面语言中情绪信息的加工".科学通报 63.02(2018):148-163.
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