Alternative TitleProcessing of emotional information in written language
曹阳1,2; 王琳1,3,4
First Author曹阳
Contribution Rank1


Other Abstract

Language conveys both semantic and emotional information. Emotional processing in language could not be easily explained by the current word recognition model, sentence processing model and discourse comprehension model. In order to uncover the characteristics of emotional processing in written language, the present review attempted to integrate findings from behavioral, event-related potential (ERP), and functional magnetic resonance imagining (fMRI) studies on emotional processing at multiple scales, such as words, sentences and discourses levels. First, previous studies have shown both automatic and controlled processes at different stages of emotional words processing. Some early ERP effects (before 300 ms: such as N1/P1, P2, EPN) as well as the activation of subcortical region (such as amygdala) have been taken as evidences for the rapid and automatic emotional processing. Some late ERP effects (such as late positive component after 500 ms) and the recruitment of higher-order brain areas (such as medial prefrontal cortex and cingulate cortex) have been suggested to reflect the controlled processing of the emotion words. In addition, emotional connotation could enhance cortical responses at all stages of visual word processing such as the assembly of visual word form (up to 200 ms), semantic access (around 200 ms), allocation of attentional resources (around 300 ms), contextual analysis (around 400 ms), and sustained processing (around 500 ms). Moreover, the network of word reading is influenced by the emotional network as manifested by the enhanced engagement of lexical-semantic network when processing emotional words compared to neutral words. However, it remains unclear regarding the time locus of emotional effect with respect to the lexical access. Another important finding is that emotional words obtained prioritized processing no matter when they were presented in isolation or shown in contexts. The salience of emotion information could override detailed semantic analysis, as indicated by the lack of semantic violation effect when the violations occurred to emotion words. Also, the emotional dimension of sentences was prioritized when the emotional words were embedded in sentences, as indicated by the N400 effect to emotion words following neutral congruent contexts. Moreover, the influence of emotional word on sentence processing was sustained, as suggested by its influence on the processing of its following words in sentences. Finally, we showed that emotion can be induced directly by emotional words or implied by a series of neutral words (for example, “The boy fell asleep and never woke up again”). Both types of emotional sentences activated emotional brain network (such as amygdala, insula, medial prefrontal cortex), which in turn enhanced the involvement of language network (such as inferior frontal gyrus, middle temporal gyrus) compared to neutral sentences. Therefore, the language and emotional networks are highly interactive. Overall, the current review summarized main findings regarding emotional processing in written language. We have shown that the study of emotional processing in language has significant importance for psycholinguistics and affective neuroscience. We proposed that it might be a useful approach to investigate emotional language processing from an embodiment perspective. Future studies could further investigate the functional connectivity of the emotional and language networks.

Keyword情绪 语言 自动加工 控制加工 优先性 交互作用
Source Publication科学通报
Indexed ByCSCD ; 中文核心期刊要目总览
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author王琳
3.Department of Psychology,Tufts University
4.Department of Psychiatry,Massachusetts General Hospital,Harvard Medical School
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
曹阳,王琳. 书面语言中情绪信息的加工[J]. 科学通报,2018,63(02):148-163.
APA 曹阳,&王琳.(2018).书面语言中情绪信息的加工.科学通报,63(02),148-163.
MLA 曹阳,et al."书面语言中情绪信息的加工".科学通报 63.02(2018):148-163.
Files in This Item:
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
书面语言中情绪信息的加工.pdf(1544KB)期刊论文出版稿限制开放CC BY-NC-SAApplication Full Text
Related Services
Recommend this item
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[曹阳]'s Articles
[王琳]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[曹阳]'s Articles
[王琳]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[曹阳]'s Articles
[王琳]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
All comments (0)
No comment.

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.