|Alternative Title||Efacts of Interm ittet B reath Relaxation Training on Mathematical Anxiety and Pain Percetion|
|Place of Conferral||中国科学院心理研究所|
|Keyword||放松训练 焦虑 应激 疼痛|
方法:共招募在校大学生、研究生93名。随机分成间断式呼吸训练组(简称呼吸训练组)(n=31)，音乐放松组((n=31)，和对照组((n=31)。被试填写特质焦虑问卷(Trait Anxiety Inventory, TAI )，疼痛灾难化量表(Pain CatastrophizingScale9 PCS)，然后分别进行20分钟的呼吸训练、音乐放松或自由等待，之后填写状态焦虑问卷(State Anxiety Inventory, SAI )，完成应激速算任务(Mental Arithmetic Test)、冷压任务(Cold Pressure Test, CPT )，最后填写应对策略问卷(Coping Strategy Questionnaire, CSQ)。
结果:经过20分钟的训练，呼吸训练组和音乐放松组的状态焦虑水平显著低于对照组(2876士5.08vs. 36.66士7.44, P< 0.001, 31.41士7.94 vs. 36.66士7.44,P< 0.01);呼吸训练组的痛阂显著高于音乐放松组和对照组(16.80士13.8 vs. 11.49士9.83, P < 0.05; 16.80士13.87 vs. 8.46士4.72, P < 0.001);冷压任务中，冷压痛恢复阶段，呼吸训练组与音乐放松组的痛苦得分显著低于对照组(1.72士1.67 vs.3.10士2.53, P<0.01; 1.93士1.67 vs. 3.10士2.53, P < 0.05);痛阑与状态焦虑呈显著负相关关系(r=-0.277, P<0.01).
Moderate stress and pain stimuli can help individuals to better adapt to the environment. However, severe and continuous stress and pain may bring harmful effects on the physical and mental health. Relaxation techniques are common methods to relieve pain and stress. However, there are some shortcomings of traditional relaxation methods, such as focusing on physical relaxation rather than mental relaxation; too long training time; individual difference in acceptability of the training techniques; availability to the auxiliary materials, etc. All these shortcomings limit the application of relaxation.
Objective: Based on previous research, we have developed a new relaxation technique and tested its efficacy for relieving stress and pain.
Methods: Ninety-three College students participated in this study. They were randomly divided into 3 groups: the breath-training group (n=31)，the music relaxation group (n=31), and the control group (n=31). The participants were asked to complete the Trait Anxiety Inventory and Pain Catastrophizing scale before formal experiment. Then they received 20 minutes of intermittent breath training, music relaxation training, and just-waiting period, respectively. After that, all participants performed two behavioral tasks: Mental Arithmetic Test and Cold Pressure Test. Mental arithmetic induced stress and cold water induced pain were measured to evaluate the effectiveness of relaxation training. Stress-related questionnaires were also filled in after the behavioral tests.
Results: After the training procedure, the state anxiety scores of both relaxation groups were significant lower than that of the control group (28.76士5.08 vs. 36.66士 7.44, P<0.001;31.41士7.94 vs. 36.66士7.44, P<0.01).Pain thresholds of the breath-training group were statistically higher than those of the other two groups (16.80士13.87 vs. 11.49士9.83, P<0.05; 1 G.80士13.87 vs. 8.46士4.79 P<0.001). The distress scores of the two relaxation groups were also lower than that of the control group during the recovery period in the Cold Pressure Test (1.72士1.67 vs. 3.10士 2.53, P<0.01;1.93土1.67 vs. 3.10士2.53， P<0.05). Pain threshold negatively correlated with state anxiety( r-=-0.277，P<0.01).
Conclusions: Short-term intermittent breath relaxation training is an effective and reliable technique for reducing anxiety and promoting recovery from distress. Overall it is better than the traditional music relaxation method.
|付春卫. 间断式呼吸训练法应对焦虑及镇痛效果研究[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2016.|
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