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青少年网络使用动机、态度与网络使用卷入度的关系研究
Alternative TitleThe Relation Research between Teengers' Internet Use Motivation, Attitude and Sophistication of Internet usage(SIU)
林永峰
Subtype硕士
Thesis Advisor高文斌
2012-05
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Degree Name理学硕士
Degree Discipline医学心理学
Keyword青少年 网络使用 动机态度 网络使用卷入度
Abstract

青少年是我国网民中最大的群体,相关研究也成为近年来心理和教育工作者普遍关注的一个热点问题。为了探讨青少年网络使用状况及行为特征,验证网络使用卷入度的有效测量指标;了解青少年网络使用动机、态度的维度,编制动机和态度量表:进一步研究青少年网络使用动机、态度与网络使用卷入度间的关系,建立关系模型;本研究在总结已有研究成果的基础上,结合开放式的深度访谈编制调查问卷,对不同年级的青少年进行问卷调查;对搜集到的数据运用SPSS15. 0和Amos7. 0统计软件进行统计处理,并进行探索性和验证性因素分析。

结果显示:青少年网络卷入度的测量指标包括上网广度、上网时长、上网方式多样性、上网地点多样性、网络技能,模型与观察数据拟合良好(x²=3. 575, p=0. 311,x²/df=1.192<3, RSMEA=0. 014<0. 05),标准化参数估计值均达到0. 001的显著水平;网络使用动机量表分为情感获取性和信息获取性动机两个维度(Cronbach. a=0.947),网络使用态度量表分为积极态度、消极态度两个维度(Cronbach. a=0. 920 ),模型与数据拟合均达到统计学显著的要求;网络使用动机、态度与网络使用卷入度关系研究发现,情感和信息获取性动机与网络使用卷入度各维度均存在显著正相关;积极态度与网络使用卷入度各项指标均呈显著正相关,消极态度呈显著负相关;关系模型与数据拟合达到统计学显著的要求(x²=21.052, p=0. 277, x²/df =1.17, RSMRA=0. 013)。

因此,本研究所得出的结论为:

1.上网广度、上网时长、上网方式多样性、上网地点多样性和网络技能等五项指标对青少年网络使用卷入度具有较好的预测作用;

2.青少年网络使用动机包括两个维度:情感获取性动机和信息获取性动机;网络使用态度包括两个维度:积极态度和消极态度;量表均具有较好的信度和结构效度,可以用来测量青少年网络使用动机、态度。

3.青少年网络使用动机对网络使用卷入度的影响更多地体现在情感获取性动机上,信息获取性动机影响相对较弱;积极态度对网络卷入度有正向的影响,消极态度负向的影响相对更大。

Other Abstract

Teenagers has become the largest group in China's Internet users,And related research has become a hot spot of educators and psychological worker in recent years .In order to explore the Internet use condition of teenagers and their behavior characteristic, and verify the effective measurement index of Internet use; Understand the dimension of teenagers' internet use motivation, and attitude, and explore to prepare motivation and attitude scale; Further to study the relationship between teenagers' internet Use motivation. attitude and sophistication of Internet usage (SIU), and establish relation model. Based on the summarizes of the domestic and foreign existing research results this study prepared the questionnaire with openended depth interview, and conduct an questionnaire survey in the different grade of teenagers; Gathere date is processed by SPSS15.0 and Amos7.0 statistics software, and conduct exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis;

The results showed that: The indexes of teenagers' sophistication of Internet usage (SIU) contains five indexes of online activities, online time, online method, online place, online skill, and The model and observation data is satisfactory (x²=3. 575, p=0. 311, x²/df=1.25, RSMEA=0.016); Standardization parameters are all estimated at 0.001 significant level; Internet use motiveation scale contains the two dimensions of emotion get and information get motiveation (Cronbach.a=0.947);Internet use attitude scale contains the four dimensions of positive evaluation, negative evaluation, internet self-efficacy, interpersonal pleasure(Cronbach.a=0.920); Model with the data fit all reach the statistical significant requirements; The relationship research between Internet use motivation, attitude and Sophistication of Internet usage (SIU) found that there are significant positive correlation between emotion get motiveation, information get motiveation and each dimension of Sophistication of Internet usage (SIU); There are significant positive correlation between positive evaluation and each dimension of Sophistication of Internet, The verification factor analysis shows that the model with data fit }0each statistical significant requirements ((x²=21.052, p=0. 277, x²/df =1.17, RSMRA=0. 013);

Therefore, the conclusion of this institute for:

1 .The five indexes of online time, online method, online place, online skill has good prediction effect to the sophistication of Internet usage (SIU);

2.The internet use motivation includes two dimension: emotion get motiveation and information get motiveation; Internet use attitude includes two dimension: positive evaluation, negative evaluation; Scale are has good reliability and validity structure, can be used to measure teenagers Internet use motivation and attitude;

3. Emotion get motiveation has more influence to the Sophistication of Internet usage (SIU),and the information get motiveation has relatively weak effect; positive evaluation, has positive effect to the Sophistication of Internet usage (SIU), The negative evaluation has r negative effect, and much more influence than positive evaluation.

Pages54
Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29194
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
林永峰. 青少年网络使用动机、态度与网络使用卷入度的关系研究[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2012.
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