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Alternative TitleRelationship Among Working Memory,Intelligence and Creativity of the 9-11 Years Old Children
刘彤冉; 施建农
Source Publication中国临床心理学杂志
Abstract目的:采用Sternberg的工作记忆任务研究9-11岁儿童工作记忆的发展情况,并探讨在智力和创造力活动中工作记忆所起到的作用。方法:本研究采用Cattell等人对智力所界定的概念,分别探讨两种更高等级的智力,即流体智力和晶体智力中所包含的工作记忆成分; 使用国外经典创造力测验“威廉斯创造性测验”作为一般创造力的指标,同时使用国外新近的“同感评价技术”来研究儿童的言语创造力。结果:随着年龄的增长,11岁儿童的工作记忆与流体智力和言语创造力的相关较9岁儿童都有所下降,而与晶体智力和一般创造力的相关有所增加,但10岁组结果有不稳定的现象。结论:儿童的工作记忆水平随年龄的增长呈稳定的增长趋势,儿童的工作记忆和晶体智力有极其显著的相关,和流体智力也有较高的相关,和一般创造力的独创性维度有较高的相关。
Keyword工作记忆 智力 流体智力 晶体智力 创造力
Subject Area发展心理学
Indexed ByASPT来源刊 CJFD收录刊
Funding Project国家自然科学基金(项目号:30670716);; 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性项目(项目号:KSCXZ-SW-221);; 北京市重点实验室-首都师范大学《学习与认知实验室》经费资助
NoteObjective:Working memory function was measured by Sternberg s task,and its role in the relationship of intelligence and creativity was studied.Methods:In the present study,Cattell s crystallised intelligence and fluid intelligence were adopted as intellective parameters,and Williams Creativity Assessment Packet and Consensual Assessment Technique were used as the creativity s.83 participants were tested.Results:The correlations of working memory and verbal creativity increased,while the other way round was ...
Document Type期刊论文
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GB/T 7714
刘彤冉,施建农. 9-11岁儿童的工作记忆和智力、创造力之间关系的研究[J]. 中国临床心理学杂志,2007,15(2):164-167.
APA 刘彤冉,&施建农.(2007).9-11岁儿童的工作记忆和智力、创造力之间关系的研究.中国临床心理学杂志,15(2),164-167.
MLA 刘彤冉,et al."9-11岁儿童的工作记忆和智力、创造力之间关系的研究".中国临床心理学杂志 15.2(2007):164-167.
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