5-9岁儿童对不同疾病病因的认知及干预的影响
其他题名Development of 5to 9-Year-Old Children’s Recognization of Causes of Different Diseases and Effect of Intervention
陈华; 朱莉琪; 孟月海
2009
发表期刊中国临床心理学杂志
ISSN1005-3611
卷号17期号:5页码:595-597
摘要目的:探查5-9岁儿童对疾病病因的认知及干预对病因认知的影响。方法:选用儿童常见疾病,设计故事情景来考察儿童对疾病病因的认知,并且通过适当的干预,探测干预对儿童病因认知的影响。结果:5岁和7岁儿童主要用行为原因解释疾病,9岁儿童主要用生物学原因解释疾病,少部分5岁儿童用心理原因解释疾病;学前儿童并非用"传染"解释所有疾病;年龄越大的儿童越能认识到疾病发生的多因性;干预后的5岁学前儿童对病因认知水平显著提高。结论:5,7,9岁三组之间对常见病的病因和病因类别数目的认知差异显著;5岁儿童对传染性疾病和非传染性疾病的病因解释差异显著;核心领域知识促进儿童的疾病认知。
其他摘要ObjectiveThe study investigated 5-9-year-old children’s understanding of the causes of familiar diseases and the effect of intervention. Methods: Using different scenarios to interview subjects and then small group intervention. Resultschildren of 5 and 7 years old mainly used behavioral reasons to explain the causes of diseases; 9-year-old children mostly employed biological reasons;not all the preschool children use contagion to explain all diseases; older children increasingly realized the multiplicity of illness causes; there was an intervention effect. Conclusion: there was significant difference among the explanations of different age groups. 5 years old children’s explanations of the causes of contagious and non-contagious diseases were different; Specific knowledge could improve preschoolers’ understanding of causes of illness and their probabilities.
关键词儿童 疾病病因 朴素生物学
学科领域发展心理学
语种中文
资助项目国家自然科学基金(30570615)资助
附注Objective: The study investigated 5-9-year-old children’s recognization of the causes of familiar diseases and the effect of intervention. Methods: Different scenarios and small group intervention were used to interview subjects. Results: Children of 5 to 7 -year -old mainly used behavioral reasons to explain the causes of diseases; 9 -year -old children mostly employed biological reasons;not all the preschool children used contagion to explain all diseases; older children increasingly realized the multiplicity of illness causes; there was an intervention effect. Conclusion: There was significant difference among the explanations of different age groups. 5-year-old children’s explanations of the causes of contagious and non-contagious diseases were different; Specific knowledge could improve preschoolers’ recognization of causes of illness and their probabilities.
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/4034
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者朱莉琪
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
陈华,朱莉琪,孟月海. 5-9岁儿童对不同疾病病因的认知及干预的影响[J]. 中国临床心理学杂志,2009,17(5):595-597.
APA 陈华,朱莉琪,&孟月海.(2009).5-9岁儿童对不同疾病病因的认知及干预的影响.中国临床心理学杂志,17(5),595-597.
MLA 陈华,et al."5-9岁儿童对不同疾病病因的认知及干预的影响".中国临床心理学杂志 17.5(2009):595-597.
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