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Alternative TitleDevelopmental Pattern of Preschoolers' Naive Theory of Emotion
刘国雄; 方富熹
Source Publication心理学报
Keyword情绪认知 心理理论 错误信念 幼儿
Subject Area发展心理学
Funding Project国家自然科学基金会资助项目(30270476);;国家社会科学基金“十一五”规划课题(CBA080236);;江苏省高校哲学社会科学研究基金项目(08SJBXLS0002);;南京师范大学学前教育学国家重点学科
NoteUnderstanding the mentalistic aspects of emotion is relatively late developed ability in preschoolers' theory of mind. How do they infer peoples' emotion according to their mental status,such as desire and belief? How do their inferring strategies change as they grow? Vinden (1999),de Rosnay et al. (2004) claimed that preschoolers strategies of emotion cognition changed from situation-desire to belief-desire; however,considering the functionalism theory of emotion,we proposed children's understanding of emotion were associated necessarily with their understanding of both desire and belief,and questioned their idea of situation-desire strategy. To examine this proposal,we combined individual's different desire status (gratified or not) with their belief in the classical "content false belief" tasks to explore preschoolers' induction of emotion. Ninety preschoolers aged 3 to 5 from one common kindergarten in Beijing were recruited and divided into three gender-matched groups:3-year-olds,Mean age = 3.51; 4-year-olds,Mean age = 4.50; 5-year-olds,Mean age = 5.47. The experiment was conducted individually in which each child was asked to make emotion inferences after listening to illustrated stories. The results demonstrated that preschoolers',especially 3-year-olds',understanding of happiness emotion was markedly influenced by their knowledge of whether protagonists' desire could be gratified by current situation or not,known as the "positive emotion effect". Preschoolers' emotion cognition evolved from no use of belief-desire strategy to false use of belief-desire strategy,and finally to correct use of belief-desire strategy. Their understanding of belief-based emotion significantly lagged behind the understanding of false beliefs. Moreover,preschoolers' judgment of surprises was determined by their understanding of belief and desire as well. This study highlighted the pivotal role of mental status in children's understanding of emotions. More importantly,current findings provided an overarching developmental schema of preschoolers' naive theory of emotion.
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author方富熹
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
刘国雄,方富熹. 学前儿童朴素情绪理论的发展[J]. 心理学报,2009,41(10):939-946.
APA 刘国雄,&方富熹.(2009).学前儿童朴素情绪理论的发展.心理学报,41(10),939-946.
MLA 刘国雄,et al."学前儿童朴素情绪理论的发展".心理学报 41.10(2009):939-946.
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