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灾后心理援助的组织与实施
Alternative TitleOrganization and Implementation of Psychological Interventions after Major Disaster
陈雪峰; 王日出; 刘正奎
2009
Source Publication心理科学进展
ISSN1671-3710
Volume17Issue:3Pages:499-504
Abstract本文根据汶川震后心理援助的工作实践和经验积累,提出灾后心理援助应当从警戒期、抵抗期和衰竭期(时间维度)和灾难中心、周边地区、非灾区(空间维度)构建工作框架,针对重灾区的应激阶段、灾难周边地区的应激阶段、非灾区的应激阶段、重灾区的冲击阶段、灾难周边地区的冲击阶段、灾区的重建期的不同特点,有针对性地实施心理援助。总目标是通过在灾区建立心理援助工作的长期机制,降低受灾群众的心理创伤程度,激发内在潜能,增进面对灾难和挫折的能力,培养积极、乐观、向上的心理品质,帮助其认识生命的意义和价值,从而促进个体顺利完成心理重建。此外,对心理援助工作的原则、组织结构和规章制度等进行了阐述,并提出心理援助的组织和实施工作亟待解决的问题。
Keyword心理援助 组织 实施
Subject Area创伤心理学
Language中文
Funding Project中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性项目(KKCX1-YW-05)
NoteBased on the fieldwork and experiences of psychological interventions after Wenchuan earthquake, authors suggest that psychological responses after major disasters varying through time scale, and victims in different regions react differently to disasters. Psychological interventions after major disasters should be based on temporal and spatial characteristics of psychological responses, and be designed and implanted accordingly. The authors further propose the major objectives of psychological intervention after major disaster. They are: 1, to set up a long-term functioning mechanism in affected regions, 2, to relieve the psychological trauma among affected people; 3, to motivate their potential abilities in coping with disasters and frustrations; to nurture positive an optimistic characteristics; to help them realizing the meaning and value of lives. The ultimate aim is to promoting a successful and smooth "psychological rebuilding" in individuals.
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/4322
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding Author刘正奎
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
陈雪峰,王日出,刘正奎. 灾后心理援助的组织与实施[J]. 心理科学进展,2009,17(3):499-504.
APA 陈雪峰,王日出,&刘正奎.(2009).灾后心理援助的组织与实施.心理科学进展,17(3),499-504.
MLA 陈雪峰,et al."灾后心理援助的组织与实施".心理科学进展 17.3(2009):499-504.
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