加工深度、记忆材料类型对FOK和FOnK判断的影响
其他题名The Effects on FOK and FOnK Judgment by Processing Depth and The Kinds of Memory Materials
白晔
学位类型硕士
导师陈毅文
2009-05-20
学位授予单位中国科学院心理研究所
学位授予地点心理研究所
关键词加工深度 记忆材料类型 知道感 不知道感
摘要前人研究发现“知道感”(FOK)和“不知道感”(FOnK)是两个不同的心理过程。加工深度对FOK的促进作用较大,而对FOnK的促进作用较小,甚至有可能降低FOnK的预测准确性。 前人研究成果基础上,本研究探讨加工深度和记忆材料类型对FOK和FOnK判断的影响。第一个目的是检验加工深度对FOK和FOnK判断的影响是否不同。第二个目的是揭示汉字和拼音两种不同的记忆材料是否会造成FOK判断等级和准确性上的差异以及对FOnK判断的影响是否不同于对FOK判断的影响。第三个目的是探寻加工深度与记忆材料类型在对FOK和FOnK判断的影响上是否存在交互作用。 实验用“汉字对”和“拼音对”为材料,以加工深度和记忆材料类型为自变量,对被试的回忆正确率、FOK判断等级、FOK判断准确性、FOnK判断准确性进行测量。实验采用Hart提出的FOK判断的RJR研究范式进行研究。 研究结果表明:深加工条件下的回忆正确率、FOK判断等级和FOK判断准确性均高于浅加工,而加工深度对FOnK判断准确性无明显促进作用,FOK和FOnK判断分别属于两个不同的认知过程。记忆材料的类型在回忆正确率、FOK判断等级和FOK判断准确性几个因变量指标上主效应显著,而对FOnK判断准确性的影响不显著。加工深度与记忆材料类型在对FOK判断的影响上存在交互作用。以回忆正确率、作FOK判断的比率、作FOnK判断的比率、FOK判断等级为因变量指标,记忆材料类型的不同在“浅加工”条件下作用不显著,在“深加工”条件下汉字材料优于拼音材料。; Predecessors’ research found that feeling-of-knowing and feeling-of-not-knowing was two different cognitional processes. Processing depth had more good effects on FOK judgment, but it had little effects on FOnK judgment, furthermore, it perhaps decreased the accuracy of FOnK judgment. On the base of predecessors’ research the experiment discussed the different effects on FOK judgment and FOnK judgment by processing depth and memory materials of different kinds. The first purpose was to find that the effects of processing depth on FOK judgment and FOnK judgment were different or not. The second purpose was to reveal the two different memory materials of the Paired-Chinese-words and the Paired- Chinese-phonetic-alphabet would cause difference on the grade and accuracy of FOK judgment or not, and if the two different kinds of memory materials took different effects on FOK judgment and FOnK judgment. The third purpose was to search if there was interaction on processing depth and different kinds of memory materials. The experiment used the Paired-Chinese-words and the Paired- Chinese-phonetic-alphabet as the materials, and regarded processing depth in the time of encoding stage and different kinds of memory materials as the independent variable. The experiment regarded validity of memory; the grade of FOK judgment; the accuracy of FOK judgment; the accuracy of FOnK judgment as the dependent variable. The experiment adopted the “RJR” normal researching form of FOK judgment projected by Hart. The result of the researching proved that in the condition of deep processing in the time of encoding stage, the validity of memory; the grade of FOK judgment; the accuracy of FOK judgment were higher than in the condition of superficial processing, but processing depth had little effect on accuracy of FOnK judgment. FOK judgment and FOnK judgment were two different cognitional processes. Memory materials of different kinds led clear difference on the dependent variable of the validity of memory; the grade of FOK judgment; the accuracy of FOK judgment, and also had little effect on accuracy of FOnK judgment. Processing depth and different kinds of memory materials had interaction on their effects on FOK judgment. Regard the accuracy of recall, the percentage of “feeling of knowing”, the percentage of “feeling of not knowing”, and the grade of FOK judgment as the dependent variables, memory materials of different kinds make little effect in the condition of superficial processing in the time of encoding stage, but in the condition of deep processing in the time of encoding stage, Chinese characters was higher than Chinese phonetic alphabet.
页数36
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/4434
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
白晔. 加工深度、记忆材料类型对FOK和FOnK判断的影响[D]. 心理研究所. 中国科学院心理研究所,2009.
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