攻击性、情绪调节评价对青少年攻击行为的作用
其他题名The Role of Aggression and Evaluation of Emotion Regulation on the Adolescent’ s Aggressive Behavior
关梅林
学位类型博士
导师张建新
2007-01-24
学位授予单位中国科学院心理研究所
学位授予地点心理研究所
关键词青少年 暴力犯 内隐攻击性 外显攻击性 情绪调节内隐评价 情绪调节外显评价 性别
摘要青少年攻击行为以及由此引发的暴力犯罪引起了社会的普遍关注。社会内隐隐认知方法能够克服自陈量表等外显研究方法的不足,对青少年的攻击行为的内在机制进行深入探讨。本研究运用内隐联想测验和外显问卷相结合的方法,考察了在外显、内隐条件下正常中学生和未成年暴力犯的攻击性、情绪调节评价和攻击行为之间的关系。 结果表明: 1. 内隐攻击性的概念是独立存在的,并与外显攻击性是相分离;而内隐攻击性与组别之间的关系显著,即未成年暴力犯的外显攻击性和内隐攻击性都显著高于普通中学生,但不受性别因素的影响。 2. 情绪调节内隐评价在中国青少年中是适用的;在情绪调节内隐评价上存在组别、性别因素的交互作用,即在犯罪组,女性比男性的情绪调节内隐评价更偏向于情绪控制;而在正常组,男性和女性的情绪调节内隐评价差异不显著。 3. 内隐攻击性和外显攻击性都能显著地预测暴力犯罪。在外显条件下,发现外显攻击性显著预测是否暴力犯,但受到情绪调节外显评价的调节,即在外显评价更倾向于表达者中,预测作用不显著。同时控制外显条件后,检验内隐变量的作用效果,发现内隐攻击性的预测作用依然显著,情绪调节内隐评价预测作用边缘显著,并受到性别的调节。 上述发现不仅深化了我们对攻击行为内在机制的认识,同时也发现了情绪调节评价对攻击的调节作用,为我们今后对青少年攻击行为的预防和干预工作提供了理论依据。
其他摘要The aggressive behavior and the violent crime of the Adolenscents have aroused social widespread attention. The Social Implicit Cognition Method could overcome the insufficiency of explicit research methods such as Self-Report Scale, and carry on the thorough discussion to the intrinsic mechanism of the Adolenscent’s aggressive behavior. In this research, Implicit Association Test and Explicit Questionnaire are synthetically applied to inspect the relations among the aggression, Evaluation of Emotion Regulation and the aggressive behavior of the normal middle-school students and the Adolenscent violent criminals under the explicit and implicit conditions, and have carried the supplement to the internal condition of the General aggression model (GAM). The result indicates, 1. The concept of implicit aggression exists independently and separates from explicit aggression. However the relations between implicit aggression and the groups are remarkable, i.e. both the implicit and explicit aggressions of the Adolenscent violent criminals are remarkably higher than those of the normal middle-school students, but not influenced by sex factors. 2. Implicit Evaluation of Emotion Regulation is suitable to Chinese Adolenscents. The correlation of groups and sex factors exist to Implicit Evaluation of Emotion Regulation, i.e. in the group of criminals, the female inclines to the mood control compared with the male in the aspect of Implicit Evaluation of Emotion Regulation; however, in the group of normal persons, the difference between male and female is not remarkable in the aspect of Implicit Evaluation of Emotion Regulation. 3. Under the explicit conditions, it is discovered that the remarkable explicit aggression can predict violent criminals. But it is adjusted by Explicit Evaluation of Emotion Regulation, i.e. the predicting function is not remarkable when the Explicit Evaluation inclines to expression. Meanwhile, when checking the functions and the effects of the implicit variables after the explicit conditions are under control, it is discovered that the predicting function of implicit aggression is still remarkable, and the predicting function of Implicit Evaluation of Emotion Regulation is remarkable at the edge and also adjusted by sex factors. These findings help us not only understanding thoroughly the intrinsic mechanism of the Adolenscent’s aggressive behavior, discovering the moderating role of Evaluation of Emotion Regulation on aggression, but also providing an academic foundation on the prevention and intervention of the Adolenscent’s aggressive behavior.
页数95
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/4490
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
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关梅林. 攻击性、情绪调节评价对青少年攻击行为的作用[D]. 心理研究所. 中国科学院心理研究所,2007.
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