问题青少年的自尊及家庭因素研究
其他题名A study on self-esteem of troubled youth and their family factors
白湘云
学位类型硕士
导师王文忠
2007-06-11
学位授予单位中国科学院心理研究所
学位授予地点心理研究所
关键词问题青少年 外显自尊 内隐自尊 自尊组合方式 虐待
摘要本文围绕问题青少年的自尊状况展开研究,通过对比问题青少年和普通青少年的差异,考察了问题青少年在外显自尊、内隐自尊以及两类自尊组合方式上的特点,并且进一步考察了影响这三者的家庭因素。 本文的主要结论是: 1.问题青少年的外显自尊显著低于普通青少年。 2.相比普通青少年,问题青少年更多来自离异和再婚家庭,并且父母的文化程度较低;问题青少年童年期受到的身体虐待、性虐待、情感忽视和身体忽视显著高于普通青少年。 3.对问题青少年来说,父母感情越好,外显自尊水平越高;其童年期受到的虐待可以显著地预测低外显自尊,而和父母的沟通、信任、亲密、欣赏等积极亲子因素可以预测高外显自尊;对普通青少年来说,只有童年期受到的虐待可以预测其低外显自尊。 4.问题青少年的内隐自尊显著高于普通青少年。 5.对问题青少年来说,父母的婚姻状况能够影响他们的内隐自尊,来自离异家庭青少年的内隐自尊显著高于来自完整家庭青少年的内隐自尊。而对普通青少年来说,和母亲的沟通、信任、亲密、欣赏等积极母子因素能够预测其低内隐自尊。 6.在问题青少年中,外低内高型自尊所占比例最大;而在普通青少年中,外高内低型自尊所占比例最大。在四种自尊的组合方式中,外低内高型自尊者童年期受到的虐待最多,亲子关系最差,心理问题也最多;而外高内低型自尊者童年期受到的虐待最少,亲子关系最好,心理健康程度也最高。
其他摘要The present paper studies the explicit, implicit, and combined (explicit and implicit) self-esteem of troubled youths in comparison to normal youths. Influential family factors are also discussed. The main results of this paper can be summarized as follows: 1. The explicit self-esteem of troubled youths is significantly lower than that of normal youths. 2. In comparison to normal youths, troubled youths are more likely to come from divorced and remarried families, and have parents with lower levels of education; troubled youths also experience significantly greater amounts of physical and sexual abuse and emotional and physical neglect. 3. For troubled youths, the closer they are with their parents,the higher their explicit self-esteem; abuse experiences in childhood significantly predict low explicit self-esteem; and high explicit self-esteem can be predicted by communication, trust, intimacy and enjoyment with their parents. For normal youths, only low explicit self-esteem can be predicted by abuse experiences in childhood. 4. The implicit self-esteem of troubled youths is significantly higher than that of normal youths. 5. The implicit self-esteem of troubled youths is affected by their parents’marrital status; youths from divorced families have higher implicit self-esteem than those from intact families. Low implicit self-esteem in normal youths can be predicted by communication,trust, intimacy and enjoyment with their mothers. 6. Youths with low explicit self-esteem and high implicit self-esteem (LEHI) form the greatest proportion of the total number of troubled youths, and youths with high explicit self-esteem and low implicit self-esteem (HELI) form the greatest proportion of normal youths. Youths with LEHI have the most abuse experiences in childhood, the worst parent-child relationships and the most mental problems; In contrast, youth with HELI have the least abuse experiences, the best parent-child relationships and the least mental problems of the four categories of combined self-esteem. Furthermore, the combined self-esteem of youths can be predicted by abuse experiences in childhood.
页数62
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/4590
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
白湘云. 问题青少年的自尊及家庭因素研究[D]. 心理研究所. 中国科学院心理研究所,2007.
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