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The specific contribution of object's origin on artifacts categorization
Sun Yuhao; Wang Zhe; Fu Xiaolan; X. L. Fu
2006-12-01
Source PublicationCHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN
ISSN1001-6538
SubtypeArticle
Volume51Issue:23Pages:2851-2859
AbstractGelman and Bloom found that adults and children's object naming was sensitive to how an object was created (man-made or not), but they did not reveal on which specific level of conceptual system this effect was. Using a free-naming task and a force-choice task, two experiments were conducted to test a hypothesis that this effect was specifically on domain level ("artifact/non-artifact" distinction). In Experiment 1, participants were asked to name shortly-depicted objects, rate their confidence, and report their reasons for each naming response. Results showed that most of the naming responses in "man-made" condition were in artifact domain, and most in "natural" condition were in non-artifact domain, although in both conditions names were very divergent on basic level. In Experiment 2, another group of participants were asked to choose one from two names (one in artifact domain and the other in non-artifact domain) to match the same shortly-depicted objects presented in the first experiment. Results of Experiment 1 on domain level were replicated in Experiment 2. These convergent findings supported the hypothesis that the effect of object's origin is specifically on domain level of conceptual system of objects. Reasons explicitly reported for naming responses in Experiment 1 suggested that participants might automatically infer objects' functions in "man-made" condition but not in "natural" condition. Here the function-based hypothesis of artifacts classification is discussed.; Gelman and Bloom found that adults and children's object naming was sensitive to how an object was created (man-made or not), but they did not reveal on which specific level of conceptual system this effect was. Using a free-naming task and a force-choice task, two experiments were conducted to test a hypothesis that this effect was specifically on domain level ("artifact/non-artifact" distinction). In Experiment 1, participants were asked to name shortly-depicted objects, rate their confidence, and report their reasons for each naming response. Results showed that most of the naming responses in "man-made" condition were in artifact domain, and most in "natural" condition were in non-artifact domain, although in both conditions names were very divergent on basic level. In Experiment 2, another group of participants were asked to choose one from two names (one in artifact domain and the other in non-artifact domain) to match the same shortly-depicted objects presented in the first experiment. Results of Experiment 1 on domain level were replicated in Experiment 2. These convergent findings supported the hypothesis that the effect of object's origin is specifically on domain level of conceptual system of objects. Reasons explicitly reported for naming responses in Experiment 1 suggested that participants might automatically infer objects' functions in "man-made" condition but not in "natural" condition. Here the function-based hypothesis of artifacts classification is discussed.
Keywordartifacts categorization origin function design
Subject Area认知心理学
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000244136400007
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5801
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding AuthorX. L. Fu
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Zhejiang Sci Tech Univ, Dept Psychol, Hangzhou 310018, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Sun Yuhao,Wang Zhe,Fu Xiaolan,et al. The specific contribution of object's origin on artifacts categorization[J]. CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN,2006,51(23):2851-2859.
APA Sun Yuhao,Wang Zhe,Fu Xiaolan,&X. L. Fu.(2006).The specific contribution of object's origin on artifacts categorization.CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN,51(23),2851-2859.
MLA Sun Yuhao,et al."The specific contribution of object's origin on artifacts categorization".CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN 51.23(2006):2851-2859.
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