The specific contribution of object's origin on artifacts categorization
Sun Yuhao; Wang Zhe; Fu Xiaolan; X. L. Fu
2006-12-01
发表期刊CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN
ISSN1001-6538
文章类型Article
卷号51期号:23页码:2851-2859
摘要Gelman and Bloom found that adults and children's object naming was sensitive to how an object was created (man-made or not), but they did not reveal on which specific level of conceptual system this effect was. Using a free-naming task and a force-choice task, two experiments were conducted to test a hypothesis that this effect was specifically on domain level ("artifact/non-artifact" distinction). In Experiment 1, participants were asked to name shortly-depicted objects, rate their confidence, and report their reasons for each naming response. Results showed that most of the naming responses in "man-made" condition were in artifact domain, and most in "natural" condition were in non-artifact domain, although in both conditions names were very divergent on basic level. In Experiment 2, another group of participants were asked to choose one from two names (one in artifact domain and the other in non-artifact domain) to match the same shortly-depicted objects presented in the first experiment. Results of Experiment 1 on domain level were replicated in Experiment 2. These convergent findings supported the hypothesis that the effect of object's origin is specifically on domain level of conceptual system of objects. Reasons explicitly reported for naming responses in Experiment 1 suggested that participants might automatically infer objects' functions in "man-made" condition but not in "natural" condition. Here the function-based hypothesis of artifacts classification is discussed.; Gelman and Bloom found that adults and children's object naming was sensitive to how an object was created (man-made or not), but they did not reveal on which specific level of conceptual system this effect was. Using a free-naming task and a force-choice task, two experiments were conducted to test a hypothesis that this effect was specifically on domain level ("artifact/non-artifact" distinction). In Experiment 1, participants were asked to name shortly-depicted objects, rate their confidence, and report their reasons for each naming response. Results showed that most of the naming responses in "man-made" condition were in artifact domain, and most in "natural" condition were in non-artifact domain, although in both conditions names were very divergent on basic level. In Experiment 2, another group of participants were asked to choose one from two names (one in artifact domain and the other in non-artifact domain) to match the same shortly-depicted objects presented in the first experiment. Results of Experiment 1 on domain level were replicated in Experiment 2. These convergent findings supported the hypothesis that the effect of object's origin is specifically on domain level of conceptual system of objects. Reasons explicitly reported for naming responses in Experiment 1 suggested that participants might automatically infer objects' functions in "man-made" condition but not in "natural" condition. Here the function-based hypothesis of artifacts classification is discussed.
关键词artifacts categorization origin function design
学科领域认知心理学
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000244136400007
引用统计
被引频次:1[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/5801
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者X. L. Fu
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Zhejiang Sci Tech Univ, Dept Psychol, Hangzhou 310018, Peoples R China
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Sun Yuhao,Wang Zhe,Fu Xiaolan,et al. The specific contribution of object's origin on artifacts categorization[J]. CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN,2006,51(23):2851-2859.
APA Sun Yuhao,Wang Zhe,Fu Xiaolan,&X. L. Fu.(2006).The specific contribution of object's origin on artifacts categorization.CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN,51(23),2851-2859.
MLA Sun Yuhao,et al."The specific contribution of object's origin on artifacts categorization".CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN 51.23(2006):2851-2859.
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