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2247名中学生的自我效能、自尊与积极/消极情感
黄飞; 张建新
2010
Source Publication中国心理卫生杂志
ISSN1000-6729
Volume24Issue:2Pages:149-152
Abstract目的:探讨中学生自我效能、自尊与积极、消极情感及其四者之间的关系。方法:采用问卷调查法,对从6个地区16所中学抽取的2247中学生施测Rosenberg自尊、自我效能以及中学生情感量表,分析性别和年级差异以及自尊在自我效能和情感体验中的中介作用。结果:自尊有随年级而增高的趋势,从初一到高三自尊量表得分依次为:[(2.91±0.38),(2.93±0.41),(3.01±0.41),(2.98±0.44),(3.04±0.41),(3.17±0.42)];男生自我效能得分高于女生[(2.74±0.39)vs.(2.68±0.40),P<0.001],初三、高三年级学生自我效能得分高于其他年级(P<0.05);女生积极、消极情感得分均高于男生[(2.77±0.67)vs.(2.68±0.67),(2.22±0.70)vs.(2.13±0.68),Ps<0.005],初一学生积极情感得分最高(2.85±0.62),高一、高二学生消极情感得分最高[(2.26±0.71)vs.(2.25±0.73)]。自我效能、自尊与积极情感正相关(r=0.24,0.36),与消极情感负相关(r=-0.17,-0.32);自我效能与自尊正相关(r=0.47),均P<0.001;自尊中介自我效能与积极/消极情感的关系,中介效应显著(Z=13.00,-13.07)。结论:自尊随年级而提升;男生自我效能高于女生;女生的积极、消极情感均高于男生;在控制性别和年级的条件下,自尊中介自我效能对于积极/消极情感体验的影响。
Other AbstractObjective:To exploration the self-efficacy,self-esteem,and positive/negative affect and the relationships among them in Chinese adolescents.Methods:The Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale,Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale,and Adolescents Positive/Negative Affect Scale were administrated to 2247 middle school students sampled from 16 schools from 6 districts.Results:Self-esteem tended to increase as grade[(2.91±0.38),(2.93±0.41),(3.01±0.41),(2.98±0.44),(3.04±0.41),(3.17±0.42)].Boys had higher self-efficacy [(2.74±0.39) vs.(2.68±0.40),P<0.001].Two senior grades had higher self-efficacy than other 4 grades(P<0.05).Girls had higher positive and negative affect[(2.77±0.67) vs.(2.68±0.67),(2.22±0.70) vs.(2.13±0.68),Ps<0.05].Junior grade one had the highest positive effect(2.85±0.62),grade one and two in high school had more negative effect than other 4 grades(2.26±0.71,2.25±0.73).Self-efficacy and self-esteem were positively correlated with positive affect(r=0.24,0.36),negatively correlated with negative affect(r=-0.17,-0.32);self-esteem significantly mediated the relationship between self-efficacy and positive/negative affect(Z=13.00,-13.07).Conclusion:Self-esteem tends to increase as grade,boys have higher self-efficacy than girls,and girls have higher positive and negative affect than boys.Self-esteem mediates the relationship between generalized self-efficacy and positive/negative affect in Chinese adolescents after controlling the effects of gender and grade.
Keyword自我效能 自尊 积极/消极情感 中介效应 横断面调查
Subject Area情绪心理学
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Project一室张建新课题组
CSCD IDCSCD:3813758
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/6688
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding Author张建新
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
黄飞,张建新. 2247名中学生的自我效能、自尊与积极/消极情感[J]. 中国心理卫生杂志,2010,24(2):149-152.
APA 黄飞,&张建新.(2010).2247名中学生的自我效能、自尊与积极/消极情感.中国心理卫生杂志,24(2),149-152.
MLA 黄飞,et al."2247名中学生的自我效能、自尊与积极/消极情感".中国心理卫生杂志 24.2(2010):149-152.
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