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亚健康的心理危险因素:模型与进展
王文丽; 周明洁; 张建新
2010
Source Publication心理科学进展
ISSN1671-3710
Volume18Issue:11Pages:1722-1733
Abstract自上世纪80年代以来,亚健康的研究热潮已经持续了二十多年,亚健康的概念在我国已经被广泛认知和使用,然而人们对亚健康的概念、诊断、病理的认识仍然模糊,在国际学术界也始终没有出现被普遍使用的对应的专业名词,在这种情况下,迫切需要识别和应用危险因素以服务于临床的预防、筛查、干预。本文从"危险因素"的概念入手,借鉴"素质-应激"模型,区分了"危险信号"与其他因素,将亚健康的心理危险因素纳入"易感素质-危险诱因-心理危险信号"模型中,在此理论架构下,详细回顾了亚健康在心理易感素质、应激、心理危险信号方面的研究进展,阐述了亚健康的心理病理机制,支持了在亚健康的预防、干预中重视心理因素的价值。最后,文章对未来的研究方向提出建议。
Other AbstractIt has been more than two decades since the advent of burgeoning research interest in "sub-health" in China. The concept of "sub-health" has been widely accepted and has even entered public discourses,but the definition,diagnosis,and psychopathological mechanism of "sub-health" remain unclear. Currently there is no internationally recognized equivalence for the term "sub-health". It is thus urgent to identify the risk factors contributing to sub-health so that they can be applied in the clinical prevention,screening and intervention. Beginning with the concept of "risk factors," and following the "diathesis-stress" model,the authors distinguish "risk signals" from other kinds of risk factors,and incorporated psychology risk factors into a model of "vulnerable diathesis-risk stress-psychological risk signals". Using this model as a conceptual framework,the authors review the research development in the following three areas: psychologically vulnerable diathesis of cognition,personality and trauma residual stress;risk stress;and risk signals of mood and behavior. This article explicates the psychological mechanisms of sub-health,and emphasizes the importance of psychological approach in preventing and intervening with sub-health. Future directions of the research on sub-health are also discussed.
Keyword亚健康 心理危险因素 易感素质 应激 危险信号
Subject Area健康心理学
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Project一室张建新课题组
CSCD IDCSCD:4052132
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/6698
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding Author张建新
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王文丽,周明洁,张建新. 亚健康的心理危险因素:模型与进展[J]. 心理科学进展,2010,18(11):1722-1733.
APA 王文丽,周明洁,&张建新.(2010).亚健康的心理危险因素:模型与进展.心理科学进展,18(11),1722-1733.
MLA 王文丽,et al."亚健康的心理危险因素:模型与进展".心理科学进展 18.11(2010):1722-1733.
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