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我国青少年生活方式、自尊与生活满意度的关系研究
李晓苗; 张芳芳; 孙昕霞; 高文斌
2010
Source Publication北京大学学报(医学版)
Volume42Issue:3Pages:330-334
Abstract目的:探讨我国青少年生活方式、生活满意度以及自尊的关系。方法:采用青少年生活方式量表、Rosen-berg自尊量表对全国九省(自治区、直辖市)的10899名初中、高中及大学在校学生进行调查。结果:不同地区、年级青少年在不同生活方式和生活满意度类型上的分布存在差异(χ2=248.93,P<0.01;χ2=568.53,P<0.01)。有58.9%的大城市青少年的生活方式健康程度高,且生活满意度高;而生活在乡镇农村的青少年,生活方式健康程度低,且生活满意度低的人占大多数(58.9%)。初中生生活方式健康程度高且满意度高的学生占全体初中生的61.8%,高中和大学生中,该比例分别降为48.5%和21.3%。高中生生活方式健康程度高但不满意的学生占7.6%,高于初中生(4.1%)和大学生(3.6%)。另外,有很高比例的大学生(71.6%)生活方式健康程度低,且生活满意度低。生活方式与自尊、生活满意度存在显著的正相关(r=0.472,P<0.01;r=0.636,P<0.01),自尊与生活满意度存在显著的正相关(r=0.450,P<0.01),且自尊是生活方式和生活满意度的中介变量。结论:我国青少年生活方式和生活满意度整体情况良好,但存在地区和年级差异,生活方式通过自尊对生活满意度有正向预测作用。对我国青少年进行生活方式健康教育应考虑地区和年级差异,同时应积极关注心理因素的影响
Other AbstractObjective:To explore the relationship between lifestyle,self-esteem and life satisfaction among Chinese adolescents.Methods:10 899 adolescents in middle schools and colleges from 9 provinces in China were investigated by using Chinese Adolescent Lifestyle Scale(CALS),Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale(SES).Results:The distribution of adolescents in the four groups divided by lifestyle and life satisfaction scores were different regarding the area and grade of these students(χ2=248.93,P<0.01;χ2=568.53,P<0.01).A high percentage of adolescents in cities(58.9%)reported a healthy life style with high life satisfaction while most adolescents in rural areas(58.9%)reported poor life styles with little satisfaction.A high percentage of junior high school students(61.8%)reported a healthy life style with high life satisfaction,but this percentage among senior high school and college students was down to 48.5% and 21.3% respectively.About 7.6% of senior high school students reported a healthy life style but poor satisfaction,a little higher than that of junior high school students(4.1%)and college students(3.6%).Moreover,there were 71.6% college students reported that they lead a poor life style with little satisfaction.The lifestyle is significantly correlated with self-esteem(r=0.472,P<0.01)and life satisfaction(r=0.636,P<0.01),and self-esteem is also significantly correlated with life satisfaction(r=0.450,P<0.01).Self-esteem was the mediator of the other two parameters.Conclusion:The lifestyle predicts life satisfaction through self-esteem.Area and grade differences have to be taken into consideration when introducing programs on health promotion,and attention should be attached to the influence of psychological factors.
Keyword生活方式 个人满足 自我概念 问卷调查 青少年
Subject Area发展心理学
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Project一室高文斌课题组
CSCD IDCSCD:3900302
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/6728
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding Author高文斌
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
李晓苗,张芳芳,孙昕霞,等. 我国青少年生活方式、自尊与生活满意度的关系研究[J]. 北京大学学报(医学版),2010,42(3):330-334.
APA 李晓苗,张芳芳,孙昕霞,&高文斌.(2010).我国青少年生活方式、自尊与生活满意度的关系研究.北京大学学报(医学版),42(3),330-334.
MLA 李晓苗,et al."我国青少年生活方式、自尊与生活满意度的关系研究".北京大学学报(医学版) 42.3(2010):330-334.
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