PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Thesis Advisor阎克乐 ; 郭念锋
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline应用心理学
Keyword情绪 基本情绪 自主神经系统 自主神经反应模式 心率变异性


Other AbstractTo investigate autonomic nervous response patterns of basic emotions and which factors influence their response patterns, this study elicits sadness, disgust, anger, fear, happiness as well as a neutral statement by film segments, and resorts to adjective checklist to collect subjects’ self-report of emotion, which is concerned to determinate whether target emotions are elicited successfully. Based on collected data including dependent variables from autonomic nerves system (ANS) measure (with blood pressure, respiration rate, skin temperature in finger, heart rate, heart rate variability (HRV), skin conductance level, difference in pulse pressure), self-report of emotion and also on the data from questionnaires, statistical analysis set focus in three perspectives with (1) comparing difference between autonomic response to emotions and baseline, difference in autonomic response to emotions, and (2) determining autonomic outflow pattern of each subject in each emotion, with considering the power in high frequency (HF) of HRV which represent level in parasympathetic nervous system outflow, and lower frequency (LF) of HRV, which represent sympathetic nervous system outflow, (3)additionally inquiring whether autonomic response is functioned of other factors except for emotion category.
The main results and conclusions are as follows:
1. Each basic emotion except anger has specific autonomic response in itself. ANS response patterns in different emotions are distinct, and autonomic responses in basic emotions are patterned and specific.            
2. Autonomic response patterns in each emotion are not confined in unique pattern of Reciprocal sympathetic activation traditionally and distributions of all kinds of response patterns among emotions are observed differently.
3. Autonomic nervous response patterns in five basic emotions are functions of intensity and phase of response to the same emotion, personality (emotional reactivity), cardiovascular reactivity, baseline in parasympathetic nervous system tone, mood, level in stress of individuals. Autonomic nervous response patterns of emotions are variable and flexible. It is variability of emotions and their response and difficulties and problems in the experiment design of emotions studies that result in the inconsistency among studies in emotion autonomic response specificity.
Subject Area情绪心理学
Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
李建平. 五种基本情绪自主神经反应模式的实验研究[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2003.
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