汉字提示下视空间注意年老化的事件相关电位研究
其他题名Aging Study of Event-related Potential on Visual Spatial Attention Precued by Chinese Words
宋为群; 宋为明; 罗跃嘉; 凌锋; 王茂斌; 秦延京
2004
发表期刊航天医学与医学工程
通讯作者邮箱luoyj@psych.ac.cn
卷号17期号:5页码:377-380
产权排序3
摘要目的采用"提示-目标"的视觉实验范式,以汉字提示不同等级的搜索范围,通过事件相关电位(ERP)技术研究早期视觉注意年老化脑机制.方法 以青年和老年人各16名为被试,背景由3个同心圆组成,提示为汉字"大"、"中"、"小",刺激材料是随机选取的大写英文字母,组成3个同心圆圈."T"为靶刺激,被试按照提示搜索提示范围上的靶刺激.结果 与青年组相比,老年组反应时更长; 老年组后部P1显著增强和N1明显抑制; 老年组前部P2成分受到显著抑制,这种抑制不仅表现在波幅上,还表现在波形的不规则和不稳定.结论年老化引起视觉空间随意注意功能的降低, 其视觉分析的最早期阶段亦受到年老化的影响, 而且老年组被试对靶刺激的评估识别能力降低,提示年老化可能导致视觉空间随意注意的前脑区功能缺陷.
其他摘要Objective: Based on the visual experimental paradigm "precue-target", the search range should be affected by different Chinese characters and the dynamic mechanisms of aging in the brain on the visual attention were investigated. ; Method: 16 young and 16 old subjects participated the experiment. Cue was comprised of three Chinese words "Large", or "Median" or "Small." The letter "T" was designed as the target stimulus. When the cue was the "large", "T" may appear within 3 circles. When the cue was the "median", "T" may appear within either the median and small circles. When the cue was small, the target "T" may appear only within the small circle. ; Result: The reaction time (RT) of the two groups of subjects became quick with the reduction of the cue size, while amplitudes of the P1 and N1 component of ERPs increased with the decrease of the cue scale. Old subjects showed longer RT than younger subjects did. The posterior P1 was enhanced significantly and the N1 was inhibited obviously in the old group. The P2 was manifested as significantly inhibitory effect not only in the amplitude but also in the abnormal and unstable waveform. ; Conclusion: The cognitive function of elderly subjects declined in the task of visual spatial attention. We demonstrated for the first time that the P2 was manifested as significantly inhibitory effect, which suggested that the age-related reduction could lead to dysfunction in the anterior scalp to visual spatial attention (voluntary attention).
关键词事件相关电位 年老化 视觉空间注意 靶刺激 提示等级
学科领域认知神经科学 ; 老年心理学
DOI10.3969/j.issn.1002-0837.2004.05.015
URL查看原文
收录类别CSCD
语种中文
项目资助者国家自然科学基金,中国科学院资助项目,国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)
CSCD记录号CSCD:1703353
引用统计
被引频次:1[CSCD]   [CSCD记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/9968
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者罗跃嘉
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
宋为群,宋为明,罗跃嘉,等. 汉字提示下视空间注意年老化的事件相关电位研究[J]. 航天医学与医学工程,2004,17(5):377-380.
APA 宋为群,宋为明,罗跃嘉,凌锋,王茂斌,&秦延京.(2004).汉字提示下视空间注意年老化的事件相关电位研究.航天医学与医学工程,17(5),377-380.
MLA 宋为群,et al."汉字提示下视空间注意年老化的事件相关电位研究".航天医学与医学工程 17.5(2004):377-380.
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