PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Alternative TitleA study on social anxiety and its related factors in left-behind children
王婷; 王文忠; 刘正奎; 高文斌
Source Publication中国行为医学科学
Contribution Rank1
Abstract目的 探讨留守儿童的社交焦虑水平及其相关因素.方法 对重庆和贵州的876名农村中小学生(包括留守及非留守儿童)进行社交焦虑水平和相关影响因素的调查.结果 父母一方或双方在外打工的留守儿童社交焦虑水平[(7.85±3.66)分,(7.77±3.75)分]要明显高于父母双方均在家的儿童[(6.75±3.72)分,P<0.01].小学五年级儿童的社交焦虑水平[(6.55±3.88)分]要明显低于初二年级和高一年级2组儿童[(7.75±3.69)分,(7.95±3.54)分,P<0.01],初二与高一年级之间差异无显著性.各年级留守儿童的自尊与社交焦虑水平显著负相关(r=-0.22,P<0.01;r=-0.17,P<0.05;r=-0.32,P<0.01).对于初二和高一年级的留守儿童,父母外出打工时其所处的年龄段对其社交焦虑水平有重要影响.对于小学五年级的留守儿童,父母和他们的联系频次对其社交焦虑水平有显著影响.结论 1)农村留守儿童的社交焦虑水平相对较高;2)留守儿童的社交焦虑与其自尊水平密切相关;3)与父母的早期分离可能加重留守儿童的社交焦虑,而与在外打工的父母经常联系可能缓解其社交焦虑.
Other AbstractObjective To examine the social anxiety level and its related factors in left-behind children.Methods To investigate the social anxiety level and its related factors in 876 students(including left-behind children and common children)from elementary schools or high schools in local villages and towns of Chongqing and Guizhou.Results The social anxiety of left-behind children(7.85±3.66,7.77±3.75)was obviously higher than that of the children whose parents both stayed at home(6.75±3.72,P<0.01).Compared with children of grade two in junior high school and children of grade one in senior high school(7.75±3.69,7.95±3.54),the social anxiety of the fifth grade children in primary school(6.55±3.88)was obviously lower(P<0.01).Self-esteem and social anxiety were significantly negatively related in left-behind children(r=-0.22,P<0.01;r=-0.17,P<0.05;r=-0.32,P<0.01).To left-behind children in junior or senior high school,their age when parents left them was an important factor for their social anxiety.To left-behind children of grade five in primary school,the contact frequency between them and parents had some important influence on their social anxiety.Conclusion 1)Left-behind children have a relatively high level of social anxiety.They need some appropriate psychological interventions,especially when they are in junior or senior high sch001.2)Social anxiety is closely related with self-esteem in left-behind children.3)Early separation from parents would aggravate social anxiety of leftbehind children,and more frequent contact with parents would relieve their social anxiety.
Keyword社交焦虑 相关因素 留守儿童
Subject Area情绪心理学
Indexed ByCSCD
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金项目;863计划课题
Funding Project国家自然科学基金项目(30300113);863计划课题(2006AA02Z431)
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author高文斌
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王婷,王文忠,刘正奎,等. 留守儿童社交焦虑及其相关因素[J]. 中国行为医学科学,2008,17(10):910-912.
APA 王婷,王文忠,刘正奎,&高文斌.(2008).留守儿童社交焦虑及其相关因素.中国行为医学科学,17(10),910-912.
MLA 王婷,et al."留守儿童社交焦虑及其相关因素".中国行为医学科学 17.10(2008):910-912.
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