留守儿童社交焦虑及其相关因素
其他题名A study on social anxiety and its related factors in left-behind children
王婷; 王文忠; 刘正奎; 高文斌
2008
发表期刊中国行为医学科学
通讯作者邮箱gaowb@psych.ac.cn
卷号17期号:10页码:910-912
产权排序1
摘要目的 探讨留守儿童的社交焦虑水平及其相关因素.方法 对重庆和贵州的876名农村中小学生(包括留守及非留守儿童)进行社交焦虑水平和相关影响因素的调查.结果 父母一方或双方在外打工的留守儿童社交焦虑水平[(7.85±3.66)分,(7.77±3.75)分]要明显高于父母双方均在家的儿童[(6.75±3.72)分,P<0.01].小学五年级儿童的社交焦虑水平[(6.55±3.88)分]要明显低于初二年级和高一年级2组儿童[(7.75±3.69)分,(7.95±3.54)分,P<0.01],初二与高一年级之间差异无显著性.各年级留守儿童的自尊与社交焦虑水平显著负相关(r=-0.22,P<0.01;r=-0.17,P<0.05;r=-0.32,P<0.01).对于初二和高一年级的留守儿童,父母外出打工时其所处的年龄段对其社交焦虑水平有重要影响.对于小学五年级的留守儿童,父母和他们的联系频次对其社交焦虑水平有显著影响.结论 1)农村留守儿童的社交焦虑水平相对较高;2)留守儿童的社交焦虑与其自尊水平密切相关;3)与父母的早期分离可能加重留守儿童的社交焦虑,而与在外打工的父母经常联系可能缓解其社交焦虑.
其他摘要Objective To examine the social anxiety level and its related factors in left-behind children.Methods To investigate the social anxiety level and its related factors in 876 students(including left-behind children and common children)from elementary schools or high schools in local villages and towns of Chongqing and Guizhou.Results The social anxiety of left-behind children(7.85±3.66,7.77±3.75)was obviously higher than that of the children whose parents both stayed at home(6.75±3.72,P<0.01).Compared with children of grade two in junior high school and children of grade one in senior high school(7.75±3.69,7.95±3.54),the social anxiety of the fifth grade children in primary school(6.55±3.88)was obviously lower(P<0.01).Self-esteem and social anxiety were significantly negatively related in left-behind children(r=-0.22,P<0.01;r=-0.17,P<0.05;r=-0.32,P<0.01).To left-behind children in junior or senior high school,their age when parents left them was an important factor for their social anxiety.To left-behind children of grade five in primary school,the contact frequency between them and parents had some important influence on their social anxiety.Conclusion 1)Left-behind children have a relatively high level of social anxiety.They need some appropriate psychological interventions,especially when they are in junior or senior high sch001.2)Social anxiety is closely related with self-esteem in left-behind children.3)Early separation from parents would aggravate social anxiety of leftbehind children,and more frequent contact with parents would relieve their social anxiety.
关键词社交焦虑 相关因素 留守儿童
学科领域情绪心理学
DOI10.3760/cma.j.issn.1674-6554.2008.10.020
URL查看原文
收录类别CSCD
语种中文
项目资助者国家自然科学基金项目;863计划课题
资助项目国家自然科学基金项目(30300113);863计划课题(2006AA02Z431)
CSCD记录号CSCD:3479325
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10007
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者高文斌
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
王婷,王文忠,刘正奎,等. 留守儿童社交焦虑及其相关因素[J]. 中国行为医学科学,2008,17(10):910-912.
APA 王婷,王文忠,刘正奎,&高文斌.(2008).留守儿童社交焦虑及其相关因素.中国行为医学科学,17(10),910-912.
MLA 王婷,et al."留守儿童社交焦虑及其相关因素".中国行为医学科学 17.10(2008):910-912.
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