PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Alternative TitleDevelopment of Children's Strategy on Allocation of Study Time
刘希平; 方格
Source Publication心理学报
Contribution Rank1
Abstract利用自由回忆, 线索回忆和再认三种提取方式, 以儿童任务难度预见 ( EOL)的判断等级与学习时间分配之间的 G相关值作为指标,考察了小学儿童学习时间分配决策水平的发展过程。小学 2、 4 、 6年级儿童和成人大学生 (作为对照 )参与本研究, 每个年龄组各 24人。主要研究结果表明: ( 1)总体而言, 小学各年级儿童, 其学习时间分配的决策都受对任务难度预见等级的制约,对 EOL判断等级越高的项目, 分配的学习时间越长,说明小学儿童具有一定程度的学习时间分配的决策能力; ( 2)在自由回忆条件下, 小学 4年级和小学 6年级儿童对 EOL的判断等级与学习时间之间的 G相关值差异显著, 表明儿童的决策水平由小学 4年级到小学 6年级表现出快速发展的趋势;( 3)在线索回忆的条件下,小学 2年级和 4年级儿童 G相关值有显著差异,表明决策水平由小学 2年级到小学 4年级之间有快速发展的趋势; ( 4)在再认的条件下, 小学各年龄儿童学习时间分配的决策水平没有显著性差异, 表明再认条件下小学阶段的决策水平进步不显著; ( 5)在三种提取方式下, 小学儿童对任务难度预见判断等级与首次学习时间之间的 G相关值都不同程度地低于与总的学习时间之间的相关值。这说明小学儿童在反复学习的过程中在不断调整自己的学习时间分配,调整的程度有随年龄增长而加大的趋势。小学 6年级儿童在任务难度预见判断等级与学习时间之间的 G相关值已接近成人水平
Other AbstractAdopted three kinds of retrieving means (free recall, clue recall, recognition), the current research explored development of children's strategy on allocation of study time, with G correlation between ease-of-learning judgment and amount of study time. 72 subjects were from Grade 2, Grade 4, Grade 6 of Elementary School, and 24 from Grade 2 of University (as control group). Let Ss have an ease-of-learning judgment by arrangement all the learning items for their difficulty. Then had a self-paced study. The last step was retrieving. The results: 1) there is a relationship between the order of ease-of-learning judgment and the amount of self-paced study time, for all grades. That implicates even the students in elementary school, they could show the ability on allocation of study time ; 2) G correlation of Grade 6 is much higher than Grade 4, for free recall, implicates that there is a tendency the level grows fastest between 4 and 6 grade ; 3) G correlation of Grade 4 is much higher than Grade 2 , for cue recall means that there is a tendency that the level goes up fastest between 2 and 4 grade ; 4) there are no reliable different on G correlation a mong three grades , for recognition, shows that there is no progress during the period of elementary school and 5) G correlation between ease-of-learning judgment and a mount of self paced study time for the first traill s reliable lower than G correlation between ease-of-learning judgment and a mount of self regulated study time for all trails, whatever the retrieving mean is. The level of allocation of study time of Grade 6 is almost the same with one of adults. 
Keyword任务难度的预见(EOL) 学习时间分配 G相关值 自控步调的学习
Subject Area发展心理学
Indexed ByCSCD
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金, 国家科技部攀登计划项目,中国科学院重要方向项目,天津师范大学/中青年教师学术创新推进计划项目
Funding Project国家自然科学基金, 国家科技部攀登计划项目,中国科学院重要方向项目,天津师范大学/中青年教师学术创新推进计划项目
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author刘希平
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
刘希平,方格. 小学儿童学习时间分配决策水平的发展[J]. 心理学报,2005,37(5):623-631.
APA 刘希平,&方格.(2005).小学儿童学习时间分配决策水平的发展.心理学报,37(5),623-631.
MLA 刘希平,et al."小学儿童学习时间分配决策水平的发展".心理学报 37.5(2005):623-631.
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