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Alternative TitleInhibition in the Belief-Desire Reasoning
王雯1; 刘希平1; 朱莉琪1
Source Publication心理科学
Contribution Rank2
Abstract在Leslie的心理理论机制选择加工模型(ToMM-SP)理论的基础上,本研究验证Leslie提出的两个抑制控制模型,并探讨信念-愿望推理任务中抑制是如何加工的。采用三位置双重抑制任务,对216名46岁儿童实施两个实验。分别考察心理定势及三个位置公平性这两个因素对儿童选择偏好的影响。结果表明,消除了这两个因素的影响后,儿童的表现符合返回抑制模型的假说,即儿童在回避愿望的错误信念任务中的抑制加工是系列的。; Purpose : The current study investigates how inhibition is processed in belief-desire reasoning and tests two models of inhibi- tion, Inhibition of Inhibition model ( IOI ) and Inhibition of Return model (IOR) , proposed by Leslie ( Friedman& Leslie, 2004 ). Based on the theory of mind mechanism and selection procession, Leslie found that two inhibitions for false belief and avoidance desire were applied in parallel as predicted by IOI model in the 4- to 8-year-old children's belief-desire reasoning. However, there were two possible confounding factors, mental set and equality of the three locations, in his conclusion. Procedures and methods: To investigate whether two factors would influence children's preference as confounding variables, two tasks were designed. In the first task, to test whether mental set would influence children's behaviors in belief-desire reasoning, two groups of children were tested in different conditions: mental-set-group has pretest (two location double-inhibitive task) , and the other group did not have pretest. In the second task, to test whether three locations that were represented equally would play a role in children's behaviors, one group of children was tested using the original three location double-inhibitive task ( the three locations were not represented equally), and the other group used their variant versions (represented equally). The experiment was conducted with 216 children aged from 4 to 6 years old. These children were interviewed individually, and the stories were performed with toys by experimenters to help children understand the story. Results and Conclusion: Results showed that the children would behave oppositely to what the IOI model predicted when they were not pretested and the three locations were represented equally. The current study found that both factors played a role in influencing children's behavior. That is to say, removing the effects of the two factors, children's behaviors could be explained by the IOR model, which showed that children's processing of inhibition was serial in double-inhibition task. Tbis result is in compliance with previous theories about the limitation of children's working memory and cognitive resources. Therefore, the inhibitions of belief and desire cannot be applied at the same time during children's belief-desire reasoning. Instead, inhibitions are applied serially. The current research tests Leslie's inhibition models with Chinese children and provides experimental evidence for theories of inhibition in theory of mind.
Keyword心理理论 ToMM-SP 回避型错误信念任务 双抑制模型 返回抑制模型
Subject Area认知心理学
Indexed ByCSCD
Funding Organization科技部973计划(2010CB8339004)、国家自然科学基金项目(30970911)、教育部人文社科研究基金(11YJA190015)、天津市十二五教育科学规划重点课题(CE2016)和第41批留学回国人员科研启动基金的资助. ; 科技部973计划(2010CB8339004) ;国家自然科学基金项目(30970911) ;教育部人文社科研究基金(11YJA190015) ;天津市十二五教育科学规划重点课题(CE2016) ;第41批留学回国人员科研启动基金的资助
Funding Project科技部973计划(2010CB8339004) ;国家自然科学基金项目(30970911) ;教育部人文社科研究基金(11YJA190015) ;天津市十二五教育科学规划重点课题(CE2016) ;第41批留学回国人员科研启动基金的资助
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Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author朱莉琪
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王雯,刘希平,朱莉琪. 信念-愿望推理中的抑制加工[J]. 心理科学,2013,36(3):659-662.
APA 王雯,刘希平,&朱莉琪.(2013).信念-愿望推理中的抑制加工.心理科学,36(3),659-662.
MLA 王雯,et al."信念-愿望推理中的抑制加工".心理科学 36.3(2013):659-662.
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