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“儿童认知发展水平诊断工具”动态测验的初步编制与应用
其他题名The Adaptation of Dynamic Test Using the Inventory of Piaget's Developmental Task(IPDT):An Initial Validation and Application
张丽锦1; 陈亮1; 方富熹1
2011
发表期刊心理学报
通讯作者邮箱zhangli6@nxu.edu.cn
ISSN0439-755X
文章类型期刊论文
卷号43期号:9页码:1075-1086
产权排序2
摘要本研究旨在将"儿童认知发展水平诊断工具"(Inventory of Piaget’s Developmental Task,IPDT)中的守恒与关系领域分测验改编成动态测验,并应用于不同程度学业成绩儿童当中以探查其认知发展的潜在水平。在实验研究基础上结合以往动态测验的编制技术,把动态施测过程分为"前测—干预—迁移—后测"4个阶段,分别确定各阶段的测题并构建了6等级提示系统。在中等学业成绩儿童(n=33)和低学业成绩儿童(n=35)中的应用发现,动态测验测得的能力获得变量对儿童的学业成绩具有重要的预测作用,证实了所改编测验的有效性;动态测验情境下中、低学业成绩儿童的潜在认知水平基本相同,所改编的动态测验有助于发掘儿童的潜在认知发展水平。; To understand children's cognitive development,there is an increasing need for developing and validating assessment and diagnostic methods in both research and education practices.The conventional static tests focus on a particular state of ability development,rather than children's potential ability.Building on Vygotsky's concept of "Zone of Proximal Development(ZPD)",dynamic testing has the potential to detect latent capacity of development,thus providing a way to more comprehensively assess children's cognitive capacity.Most of dynamic tests were usually adaptations of classical intelligence test tasks,exploring children's latent capacity by dynamic assessment method.So,the purpose of the current study was to develop and standardize a new dynamic test based on conservation and relation domain assessment adapted from the Inventory of Piaget's Developmental Tasks(IPDT),and to examine the validity of this new dynamic test with a sample of children with relatively low academic achievement.To validate the new dynamic test,fifty-four eight or nine years old children were randomly selected from the third grade in two public elementary schools.The dynamic testing involved four stages:pretest,intervention,modifiable,and posttest;each with a different set of testing questions.In accordance with their test performance,the participants also received six different levels of clues,developed based on theories of cognitive development as well as prior dynamic tests in other domains.The results showed that with the incremental steps of intervention in response children's performance,their performance gradually improved,providing some initial evidence for the validity of this new test.The validated dynamic test was first administered to two groups of eight and nine years old children:the experimental group(n = 35) children with relatively lower academic achievement,and the control group(n = 33) with relatively moderate levels of academic achievement.The results of the 2 × 2 ANOVAs with the pretest scores revealed significant main effect of group(F(1,64) = 80.28,p 0.01),suggesting that the low achieving group had lower pretest scores than the moderate achieving group.The results of the ANCOVAs with the posttest scores,which controlled for the pretest scores,found no main effect of group(F(1,64) = 1.89,p 0.05).However,it required more intervention steps for the low achieving group gain similar performance to the moderating achieving group.The results of the ANOVAs with the transfer scores identified a significant interaction between group and children's(F(1,64) = 4.84,p 0.05).The follow-up simple effect tests showed that the near transfer scores for eight but not nine years old children from the low achieving group were higher than the scores for the moderating achieving group.There was no main effect of group for the far transfer scores(F(1,64) = 0.03,p 0.05),suggesting that the low achieving children did not necessarily perform worse in new task domains than the moderating achieving children.Furthermore,Regression analysis found that children's ability acquisition variable from dynamic testing had a significant predictive effect on their academic achievement.Taken together,two conclusions can be drawn based on our findings.First,the current study provided initial evidence for the validity of revised IPDT-conservation and relation domain tests,suggesting that(1) the dynamic test has the potential to more comprehensively assess latent cognitive capacity in children with relatively low academic achievement,and(2) the dynamic test may be similarly applied in other domains of IPDT.Second,despite their relatively inferior performance in current capacity tests,children with lower academic achievement,may not differ from children with relatively higher academic achievement in latent capacity,suggesting the potential to improve these children's performance using appropriate intervention and training.
关键词动态测验 儿童认知发展水平诊断工具(IPDT) 最近发展区 低学业成绩儿童
学科领域发展心理学 ; 心理测量
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收录类别CSCD
语种中文
项目资助者国家自然科学基金会资助项目(30860083)的部分工作
CSCD记录号CSCD:4311087
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14341
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
通讯作者张丽锦
作者单位1.宁夏大学教育学院
2.中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
张丽锦,陈亮,方富熹. “儿童认知发展水平诊断工具”动态测验的初步编制与应用[J]. 心理学报,2011,43(9):1075-1086.
APA 张丽锦,陈亮,&方富熹.(2011).“儿童认知发展水平诊断工具”动态测验的初步编制与应用.心理学报,43(9),1075-1086.
MLA 张丽锦,et al."“儿童认知发展水平诊断工具”动态测验的初步编制与应用".心理学报 43.9(2011):1075-1086.
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