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Alternative TitleThe Representation and Processing of Subjective Words for Chinese Readers
闫国利1; 张兰兰1; 孙莎莎1; 白学军1
Source Publication心理学报
Contribution Rank2
Other AbstractGiven that there are no visual spaces between words in written Chinese and characters are the basic perceptual unit, it is intriguing how Chinese readers segment and represent words. Many studies have indicated that words play an important role in Chinese reading (Yan et al., 2006; Li et al., 2005; Rayner et al., 2007; Bai et al., 2008; Yan et al., 2009), while some other research has demonstrated that characters are more important than words in reading (Chen et al., 2003). However, some researchers have found that native Chinese readers have no clear concept of words, and they often disagree on how to divide the continuous string of characters within a sentence into words (Hoosain, 1992; Tsai et al., 1998; Miller et al., 2007). So there is a discrepancy here: If words play an important role in Chinese reading, what are the characteristics of these words? We propose that Chinese readers segment text into words according to complex cognitive representations: "subjective words" (e.g., representing the phrase "economic development" as a single word). Three studies were conducted to explore 1) whether subjective words are psychologically real in readers’ minds and 2) how these subjective words are processed. The first study examined how well the readers could recognize the two-character combination as a word or a phrase. The results showed that the readers tend to judge phrases as subjective words. which indicated that they represented words according to their own complex cognition about words, which demonstrated that subjective words were real in readers’ minds. The second and third experiment investigated the characteristics of subjective word processing. The second experiment explored whether subjective words had a "word superiority effect" — whether the readers found the position of a character in subjective words more efficiently than in non-words. The third experiment examined whether the reaction time of classifying subjective words as words
Keyword主观词 短语 优势效应
Subject Area心理语言学
Indexed ByCSCD
Funding Organization国家社科基金项目“汉语阅读基本信息单元的眼动研究”(10BYY029)资助
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author闫国利
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
闫国利,张兰兰,孙莎莎,等. 汉语“主观词”的表征及其加工[J]. 心理学报,2013,45(4):379-390.
APA 闫国利,张兰兰,孙莎莎,&白学军.(2013).汉语“主观词”的表征及其加工.心理学报,45(4),379-390.
MLA 闫国利,et al."汉语“主观词”的表征及其加工".心理学报 45.4(2013):379-390.
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