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Alternative TitleFactor Structures of Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale among Elderly Adults
张宝山1; 李娟1
Source Publication心理科学
Contribution Rank2
Other AbstractObjectives;The Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale(CES-D) is a self - rating scale for measuring depressive symptoms in community settings.It is commonly used as a screening instrument for potential depression.Factor analytic studies have shown that the 20 items of CES-D represent depressed affect,positive affect(reversed items),somatic complaints,and interpersonal concerns(Radloff,1977).Although it is one of the most commonly used questionnaires,limited studies have focused on the factor structure of the CES-D among the groups of Chinese elderly adults.The objective of the present study was to examine the factor structure of CES-D in Chinese elderly populations.Method;The CES-D was assessed,based on a national sample of 4903 elderly adults,who were recruited from major Chinese mainland cities.Results;a) Confirmatory factor analysis for 20 items of CES-D demonstrated that the four-factor structure identified by Radloff(1977),as well as two three-factor structures suggested by Cuamaccia et al.(1989) and Yen et al.(2000),fitted the present data with RMSEA0.08,SRMR0.08,NNFI0.90,GFI0.90,and AGFI0.90,as well as CFI0.95,which indicated that these factor structures could be replicated in the Chinese elderly population;b) the correlations between the positive affect factor,which consist of four reverse scoring items,and the other factors were too low to support a common higher -order factor the range of rs was from 0.35 to 0.46,which was smaller than the cut-off value of.50;c),under the conditions that the total score was used to indicate individuals' levels of depressive symptoms,the four items of positive affect should not be included in the CES-D.In the following analyses,we tried to test the factor structure of CES-D positive factor,and found that the positive affect factor only made limited contributions to the model fit.Combining both original definition and fit indices,Radloff' s factor structure was chosen as the most suitable structure for CES-D,which consisted of the remaining 16 items,RMSEA =.067,SRMR =.033,CFI =. 98,NNFI =.98,and GFI =.94;d) measurement invariance was established across gender for the factor structure of the remaining 16 items.Conclusion;a) Among Chinese elderly adults,the CES - D may provide a better measure of depressive symptoms as a 16-item scale excluding the positive affect factor;and b) the factor structure,identified by Radloff,fit the 16-item scale.
Keyword流调中心抑郁量表 因素结构 老年人
Subject Area老年心理学 ; 变态心理学
Indexed ByCSCD
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金(30770725,31070916) ; 国家科技支撑项目(2009BAI77B03) ; 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KSCX2-EW-J-8) ; 中国博士后科学基金特别资助项目(201104168) ; 中科院心理所青年基金项目(07CX091009)资助
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Cited Times:4[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author李娟
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张宝山,李娟. 流调中心抑郁量表在老年人群中的因素结构[J]. 心理科学,2012,35(4):993-998.
APA 张宝山,&李娟.(2012).流调中心抑郁量表在老年人群中的因素结构.心理科学,35(4),993-998.
MLA 张宝山,et al."流调中心抑郁量表在老年人群中的因素结构".心理科学 35.4(2012):993-998.
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