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课外时间分配与父母、朋友陪伴对青少年心理健康的影响
其他题名Impacts of Time Allocation, Companionship by Parents and Peers on Psychological Health of Adolescents
李海英
学位类型同等学力硕士
2014-07
学位授予单位中国科学院研究生院
学位授予地点北京
学位专业心理学
关键词时间分配 父母陪伴 朋友陪伴 抑郁 外化问题
摘要休闲时间日益增多,是社会发展和科学技术进步所带来的必然变化。不断推进中小学“减负”工作,也使青少年的课余时间越来越多。课外休闲时间是一把双刃剑,对青少年的心理健康培养既有积极的作用,又有消极影响。课外时间怎样分配,和谁一起度过最好,对他们能否自由、健康、全面地发展具有重要的影响。本研究旨在从时间分配的角度探讨青少年心理健康,帮助青少年和父母做正确的休闲选择。 本研究采用问卷调查法对我国青少年课外时间分配、父母陪伴进行了调查,利用《流调中心抑郁量表》、《外化问题评定量表》探讨了课外时间分配对青少年心理健康的影响,关注了父母陪伴在活动时间上的交互作用。本研究采用中国科学院心理研究所全国青少年心理健康数据库2009年横断数据,对其中4394名六年级至高三学生(男50.04%,年龄15.45±2.39岁)数据进行分析。“青少年时间分配”问卷由青少年报告;抑郁和外化问题问卷由青少年自评;家庭收入由家长报告。 本研究主要结果如下: 1、适当的时间学习、增加运动、家务劳动和其他兴趣爱好时间可降低抑郁及外化问题。 2、非运动休闲娱乐时间与抑郁和外化问题都显著正相关,即上网、玩其他电子游戏等消极娱乐时间会随时间的延长既会增加抑郁情绪,也会增加外化行为。要适当限制时间。 3、父母陪伴可以缓解各项活动的抑郁和减少外化问题。 4、有朋友适度陪伴学业自主学习、运动休闲、看课外书,可以缓解抑郁;但完成老师布置作业、上网、打游戏、户外活动等容易引起外化问题的活动,尽量减少陪伴。因此,课余时间和朋友在一起要注意控制时间。 结论:我国青少年的抑郁和外化问题与课外活动的时间分配相关显著,课外时间父母的陪伴有利于青少年的心理健康,但只有部分活动适宜和朋友在一起,且要适当控制时间。
其他摘要Impacts of Time Allocation, Companionship by Parents and Peers on Psychological Health of Adolescents Abstract The increased leisure time has brought about the inevitable changes to the social development and the progress of science and technology. Further alleviation of students’ homework, can also enable them to enjoy much more free time. Extra-curricular leisure time is a double-edged sword, which has both positive and negative impact to the cultivation for the mental health of teenagers. How to allocate extracurricular time, and how to better stay together with adolescents have an important impact on the healthy and comprehensive development. This study aims to help adolescents and their parents to choose the correct leisure from the view point of time allocation on adolescents mental health. This study adopts an questionnaire on Chinese youth’s extracurricular time allocation and parental company. This paper discusses the influence of extracurricular time allocation on adolescents mental health through CES-D and YSR, paying attention to the parental company to the interaction on the activities time. The study is based on the cross-sectional data of national youth mental health database in 2009, for 4,394 of the sixth grade to high school students (male 50.04%, age 15.45±2.39 years) data for analysis provided by Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The questionnaire on Allocation of Time was made by the adolescents. The questionnaire on CES-D and YSR was estimated by teenagers themselves. Family income was reported by the parents. The main results of this study are as follows: 1. Moderate time spent on independent learning activities and more time on leisure activities actively, such as sports, housework and other interesting class activities can relieve depression and reduce externalizing problems. 2. The none-sports leisure time with depression and externalizing problems are significantly positive correlation. The extension of time, especially the none-sports time such as surfing internet or playing other electronic games, will worsen depressed mood, and it can also increase the externalizing behaviors. 3. Parental companion can relieve the depression of the activities and reduce externalizing problems. 4. Moderate companionship by the peers after school in academic independent study, sports and reading can reduce depression. But doing homework assigned by teachers, surfing the Internet, playing electronic games and enjoying outdoor sports together with peers will increase externalizing problems. Conclusion: Adolescents depression and externalizing problems in China and the extracurricular activities time allocation are significantly correlated. Accompanied by parents in extracurricular time is conducive to mental health of teenagers. But only some activities are appropriate to be done with peers, and the time should be time properly controlled.
学科领域发展与教育心理学
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20621
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
作者单位中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
李海英. 课外时间分配与父母、朋友陪伴对青少年心理健康的影响[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2014.
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