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Alternative TitleResearch on Irony Comprehension of Chinese Children
Thesis Advisor方富熹
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline认知与发展心理学
Keyword儿童 反语 暗示假装理论 心理理论 领域特殊性知识

1.关于儿童反语理解能力的发展,我们发现,儿童反语理解能力的发展表现为从低水平掌握向高水平掌握过渡的发展过程。可以划分为4种水平。学龄前儿童主要处于前理解水平和萌芽水平,入学初期的儿童主要处于直觉水平的  理解。小学一至三年级期间是儿童反语理解水平快速提高的时期,但直至三  年级仍只有40%儿童达到概念水平的理解。

Other Abstract

   Irony is a figure of speech in which the intended meaning is the opposite of that expressed by the words used. It is one of the most difficult indirect speech acts for children. Recent researches more and more focused on 2nd-Order Theory of Mind (TOM2) as the reason of children's diffculty in irony comprehension. Objects of the present research was (1) to describe the development of Chinese children's level in irony comprehension; (2) to explore the role of TOM2 and knowledge in children's understanding of irony from 4 approaches, namely mistake analysis, correlation analysis, information prompting, and knowledge training. Results are as follows.
1 .As for the development of children's irony comprehension, we founded that  6-7 years old children were mainly at the level of pre-comprehension or emerging comprehension. 8-years-old children were mainly at the level of intuitive comprehension. There was a growth spurt period between 8一10 years old. But, only 40% children could achieve conception level until 10 years old.
2.   As for the root of children's difficulty in irony comprehension, we founded that: 
    1)  The main type of mistake of children in level 0 or level 1 was to take irony as sincere utterance, other than deceptive utterance.
    2)   Although the correlation between TOM2 and irony comprehension was  confirmed, this relationship was indirect. They were related to each other only at the presence of first order theory of mind.
    3)   The prompt about speaker's 1st order mental state contributed to children's irony comprehension, but prompt about 2nd order mental state was not in effect.
    4)   Knowledge training about irony improved children's irony comprehension. Children with TOM2 did not get more benefit from training than those without.  Children without TOM2  could  be  effectively  improved  by appropriate training.
    Based on results above, we concluded that at least for children in early stage ofirony comprehension, the difficulty was mainly from the lack of knowledge and experience, but not from the lack of second order theory of mind.

Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
盖笑松. 汉语儿童反语理解的研究[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2003.
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