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Ensemble representation for multiple facial expressions: Evidence for a capacity limited perceptual process
Ji, Luyan1,2; Chen, Wenfeng3; Loeys, Tom4; Pourtois, Gilles1
2018-03-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF VISION
ISSN1534-7362
SubtypeArticle
Volume18Issue:3Pages:1-19
Contribution Rank3
Abstract

We tested the processing capacity of establishing ensemble representation for multiple facial expressions using the simultaneous-sequential paradigm. Each set consisted of 16 faces conveying a variable amount of happy and angry expressions. Participants judged on a continuous scale the perceived average emotion from each face set (Experiment 1). In the simultaneous condition, the 16 faces were presented concurrently; in the sequential condition, two sets, each containing eight faces, were presented successively. Results showed that judgments varied depending on the number of happy versus angry faces contained in the sets and were sensitive at the single trial level to the perceived mean emotion intensity (based on postexperiment ratings), providing evidence of a genuine mean representation rather than the mere use of a single face or enumeration. Experiments 2 and 3 replicated Experiment 1, but implemented a different response format (binary choices) and added masks following each display, respectively. Importantly, in all three experiments, performance was consistently better in the sequential than in the simultaneous condition, revealing a limited-capacity process. A set of control analyses ruled out the use of enumeration or mere subsampling by the participants to perform the task. Collectively, these results indicate that participants could readily extract mean emotion from multiple faces shown concurrently in a set, but this process is best conceived as being capacity limited.

Keywordensemble representation facial expressions processing capacity limitations simultaneous-sequential method enumeration
DOI10.1167/18.3.17
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationChina Scholarship Council (CSC)([2014]3026) ; Ghent University(BOFCHN2016000901) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(31371031)
WOS Research AreaOphthalmology
WOS SubjectOphthalmology
WOS IDWOS:000429060700004
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordSIMULTANEOUS-SEQUENTIAL PARADIGM ; AVERAGE SIZE PERCEPTION ; STATISTICAL PROPERTIES ; ORIENTATION SIGNALS ; ATTENTION ; EMOTION ; FACES ; FEATURES ; AMYGDALA ; VISION
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/26094
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Affiliation1.Univ Ghent, Dept Expt Clin & Hlth Psychol, Ghent, Belgium
2.Renmin Univ China, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Univ Ghent, Dept Data Anal, Ghent, Belgium
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ji, Luyan,Chen, Wenfeng,Loeys, Tom,et al. Ensemble representation for multiple facial expressions: Evidence for a capacity limited perceptual process[J]. JOURNAL OF VISION,2018,18(3):1-19.
APA Ji, Luyan,Chen, Wenfeng,Loeys, Tom,&Pourtois, Gilles.(2018).Ensemble representation for multiple facial expressions: Evidence for a capacity limited perceptual process.JOURNAL OF VISION,18(3),1-19.
MLA Ji, Luyan,et al."Ensemble representation for multiple facial expressions: Evidence for a capacity limited perceptual process".JOURNAL OF VISION 18.3(2018):1-19.
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