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Synchronization as a biological psychological and social mechanism to create common time A theoretical frame and a single case study
Yan Bao1,2,3; Ernst Pöppel1,2,3,4; Lingyan Wang1; Xiaoxiong Lin1; Taoxi Yang2,3; Taoxi Yang2,5,6,7; Janusch Blautzik8; Marco Paolini8; Sarita Silveira2,3; Aline Vedder2,3; Yuliya Zaytseva2,3,9,10,11; Bin Zhou4
First AuthorYan Bao
Source PublicationPSYCH JOURNAL
Correspondent ;


Synchronizing neural processes, mental activities, and social interactions is considered to be fundamental for the creation of temporal order on the personal and interpersonal level. Several different types of synchronization are distinguished, and for each of them examples are given: self-organized synchronizations on the neural level giving rise to pre-semantically defined time windows of some tens of milliseconds and of approximately 3 s; time windows that are created by synchronizing different neural representations, as for instance in aesthetic appreciations or moral judgments; and synchronization of biological rhythms with geophysical cycles, like the circadian clock with the 24-hr rhythm of day and night. For the latter type of synchronization, an experiment is described that shows the importance of social interactions for sharing or avoiding common time. In a group study with four subjects being completely isolated together for 3 weeks from the external world, social interactions resulted both in intra- and interindividual circadian synchronization and desynchronization. A unique phenomenon in circadian regulation is described, the "beat phenomenon,"which has been made visible by the interaction of two circadian rhythms with different frequencies in one body. The separation of the two physiological rhythms was the consequence of social interactions, that is, by the desire of a subject to share and to escape common time during different phases of the long-term experiment. The theoretical arguments on synchronization are summarized with the general statement: "Nothing in cognitive science makes sense except in the light of time windows."The hypothesis is forwarded that time windows that express discrete timing mechanisms in behavioral control and on the level of conscious experiences are the necessary bases to create cognitive order, and it is suggested that time windows are implemented by neural oscillations in different frequency domains.

KeywordBeat Phenomenon Circadian Rhythm Desynchronization Discrete Time Social Interaction Synchronization Time Window
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Cited Times:17[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Department of Psychology and Beijing Key Laboratory of Behavior and Mental Health, PekingUniversity, Beijing, China
2.Institute of Medical Psychology and Human Science Center,Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany
3.Parmenides Center for Art and Science, Pullach,Germany
4.Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
5.Department ofPsychiatry, Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany
6.Nuclear Medicine, Technical UniversityMunich, Munich, Germany
7.TUM-Neuroimaging Center, Technical University Munich, Munich,Germany
8.Institute of Clinical Radiology Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany
9.NationalInstitute of Mental Health, Klecany, Czech Republic
10.Department of Psychiatry and MedicalPsychology, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
11.Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry, Moscow, Russia
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yan Bao,Ernst Pöppel,Lingyan Wang,et al. Synchronization as a biological psychological and social mechanism to create common time A theoretical frame and a single case study[J]. PSYCH JOURNAL,2015,4(4):243-254.
APA Yan Bao.,Ernst Pöppel.,Lingyan Wang.,Xiaoxiong Lin.,Taoxi Yang.,...&Bin Zhou.(2015).Synchronization as a biological psychological and social mechanism to create common time A theoretical frame and a single case study.PSYCH JOURNAL,4(4),243-254.
MLA Yan Bao,et al."Synchronization as a biological psychological and social mechanism to create common time A theoretical frame and a single case study".PSYCH JOURNAL 4.4(2015):243-254.
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