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灾后儿童抑郁与创伤后应激障碍症状关系的两年追踪
Alternative TitleThe relationship between post-traumatic stress and depressive symptoms in children: A two-year longitudinal study
布威佐热姆·艾力1,2; 程锦1,2; 梁一鸣1,2; 付琳1,2; 刘正奎1
First Author布威佐热姆·艾力
2018
Source Publication科学通报
Correspondent Emailliuzk@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0023-074X
Subtype期刊论文
Volume63Issue:20Pages:2018 年 第63 卷 第20 期:2071 ~ 2080
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

通过纵向设计,考察儿童抑郁与创伤后应激障碍(PTSD)的关系,并探究PTSD各维度与抑郁关系的差异.研究采用加州大学洛杉矶分校创伤后应激障碍反应指数(儿童修订版)和儿童抑郁量表,分别在舟曲泥石流发生后的3,15和27个月对当地的儿童(男452,女618)进行了3次追踪调查.结果发现,创伤早期儿童PTSD和抑郁之间存在微弱的相互预测作用,创伤后期仅抑郁对PTSD显著预测.PTSD不同维度与抑郁的关系也存在差异:T1~T3阶段,抑郁对3个维度均具有持续的预测作用;而PTSD回避维度始终对抑郁无预测作用,闯入维度在T1~T2阶段有预测作用,高警觉在T1~T3阶段持续对抑郁有预测作用.研究结果表明,抑郁与PTSD的关系是随时间变化的;PTSD不同维度与抑郁的关系也存在差异.基于研究的发现,心理干预应根据不同创伤时程侧重于不同的症状.未来研究需要比较不同时程、不同事件类型、不同性别以及不同年龄段的PTSD与抑郁的关系. 

Other Abstract

Studies have shown that children and adolescents exposed to natural disasters could be at high risk of mental health problems. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is now well established as the most common psychopathological outcomeof trauma. Studies have shown that PTSD often co-occurs with depression. The comorbidity of PTSD and depression adversely affects the hospitalization of patients. The high prevalence of PTSD and depression poses challenges for accurate diagnosis and treatment. Therefore, the potential mechanism of the comorbidity of PTSD and depression deserves attention. Researchers have proposed several models of comorbidity, such as the “demoralization model,” which indicates that the initial PTSD symptoms may cause subsequent depression. Conversely, the “depressogenic effect model” suggests that the initial depression may cause the subsequent PTSD. However, the “synchronous change model” posits that PTSD and depression occur at the same time and are independent of each other.

Clearly, a consistent conclusion has not been reached. Therefore, the relationship between PTSD and depression should be further explored. Moreover, there are some limitations in previous studies. For example, the majority of these studies have focused on PTSD symptoms as a whole, without distinguishing PTSD symptom clusters (such as re-experiencing, avoidance, and hyperarousal) with depression over time. In addition, the most recent studies focused on adults. Children and adolescents are in the developmental stage of cognitive nervous system and emotional regulation and lack the coping mechanism for adaptation and recovery from a disaster. Therefore, they may be vulnerable to environmental changes and negative life events. In view of this, the comorbidity of PTSD and depression needs to be explored in children.

The present study investigates the relationship between depressive symptoms and PTSD and differences between the relationships of PTSD clusters and depression among children who survived the Zhouqu debris flow. PTSD was measured with the University of California at Los Angeles Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index for DSM-IV, and depressive symptoms were measured with the Children’s Depression Inventory. Participants were assessed at 3, 15, and 27 months after the Zhouqu debris flow. The sample consisted of 1070 adolescents (aged 13.90±1.33), among which 452 (42%) were male and 618 (58%) were female. A cross-lagged analysis revealed bidirectional associations between PTSD and depressive symptoms from T1 to T2, and only depressive symptoms predicted PTSD significantly from T2 to T3. The relationships between depressive symptoms and three PTSD clusters were also different. From T1 to T3, depressive symptoms predicted three PTSD clusters continuously. However, avoidance had no predictive effect on depression from T1 to T3, re-experiencing predicted depressive symptoms from T1 to T2, and hyperarousal demonstrated a continuous predictive effect on depression from T1 to T3. Our study suggested that the relationship between depressive symptoms and PTSD may change over time and the relationships between the three clusters of PTSD and depression may be different. Psychological therapy should focus on different symptoms based on the trauma stage. Future studies should compare the relationships between depressive symptoms and PTSD across different courses after trauma, trauma types, genders, and age stages.

Keyword儿童 创伤后应激障碍(Ptsd) 抑郁 追踪研究
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:6332374
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27046
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理健康重点实验室(中国科学院心理研究所)
2.中国科学院大学心理学系
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
布威佐热姆·艾力,程锦,梁一鸣,等. 灾后儿童抑郁与创伤后应激障碍症状关系的两年追踪[J]. 科学通报,2018,63(20):2018 年 第63 卷 第20 期:2071 ~ 2080.
APA 布威佐热姆·艾力,程锦,梁一鸣,付琳,&刘正奎.(2018).灾后儿童抑郁与创伤后应激障碍症状关系的两年追踪.科学通报,63(20),2018 年 第63 卷 第20 期:2071 ~ 2080.
MLA 布威佐热姆·艾力,et al."灾后儿童抑郁与创伤后应激障碍症状关系的两年追踪".科学通报 63.20(2018):2018 年 第63 卷 第20 期:2071 ~ 2080.
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